- Apple has had mixed success for its pricey iPhones in Asia outside of China.
- It has made inroads in wealthy countries Japan, South Korea and Singapore but has found the going tougher in emerging economies where incomes are lower.
- Apple CEO Tim Cook shook markets with a letter to investors warning that the company faces increasing tailwinds in Greater China.
The Cupertino, California-based technology giant sent a shudder through global markets after CEO Tim Cook's letter to investors released on Wednesday showed the company lowered guidance for this year's first-quarter on China's slowing economy and weaker iPhone and other device sales there.
Greater China was Apple's third-largest market in terms of revenue in the fourth quarter of 2018 — after the Americas and Europe — at $11.4 billion, according to company figures. The figure for Japan ($5.161 billion) and elsewhere in the Asia Pacific region ($3.429 billion), meanwhile, came to $8.59 billion. The company did not provide a breakdown for other countries.
Outside of China, Apple has done well in mature and wealthy economies such as Japan, South Korea and Singapore, where its pricey phones can be more readily afforded. But in the rest of Southeast Asia and India, where overall economies are growing but per capita incomes remain relatively low, the going has been tougher.
Japan and South Korea are wealthy economies and also two of the most mature smartphone and mobile device markets in the world. Apple has made strong inroads in both, leading market share in the former and coming in second in the latter.
Still, figures from web analytics company StatCounter show that Apple consistently ranked No. 2 in the South Korean market last year behind Samsung and ahead of LG.
But Japan and South Korea are two of the world's fastest aging societies, so it remains a question mark how much they can contribute to the company's success in coming decades.
Southeast Asia, with a population of more than 600 million, is potentially a huge market for Apple.
The company had top market share of 39 percent in city-state Singapore as of the end of the third quarter last year, according to research firm IDC. But in bigger economies such as Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam, it lags behind rivals.
In Indonesia, where Apple has about 1 percent of the market, and most other countries in the region, its phones are simply too expensive for most consumers.
"That's the biggest factor," said Kiranjeet Kaur, research manager for IDC in Singapore. That leaves most buyers with little alternative but to go for cheaper South Korean and Chinese models, she said.
India is one of the world's largest economies, but so far it remains a significant challenge for Apple.
According to data from Counterpoint Research, China's Xiaomi grabbed 27 percent of the smartphone market in the country in the third quarter of last year, besting Samsung's 23 percent.
Apple did not merit a separate mention in Counterpoint's report, nor in a similar one by research firm Canalys, being included in the category of "others" below other Chinese brands such as Vivo and Oppo — as well as India's Micromax.
IDC's Kaur put Apples' share in India at 1 percent at the end of the third quarter. The average price of an iPhone in the country is $741, which far surpasses the overall average smartphone selling price of $155, according to IDC's third-quarter assessment.
India has a growing middle class, but it still lacks the purchasing power of China's, Kaur said: "I don't see any comparison there."
Cook, for his part, has spoken of promise in the country, saying in 2016 that Apple will be in India for a "thousand years."