"While there was a confluence of technical factors that conspired to create one of the worst Decembers in history, we also think the market embraced our earnings recession call as earnings revision breadth rolled over. In short, the market is discounting our out of consensus views on growth and it may have even discounted a modest economic recession," they wrote.
The strategists, notably among the Street's most bearish, also say they had expected to see the S&P 500 touch the 2,400 level but not until the first quarter of this year. The S&P reached an intraday low of 2,346 on Dec. 26 and has since risen about 10 percent off those lows.
The risks are getting higher that the earnings recession could become an economic recession. "Risks are rising, and we don't have a crystal ball but we also don't really care about such an outcome if it's already priced," they wrote.
The strategists say they don't know if a recession is coming but the economics team at Morgan Stanley is modeling in a severe drop in GDP growth from 4.2 percent in the second quarter of 2018 to just 1 percent by the third quarter of 2019.
"While that's technically not a recession, that kind of deceleration will feel like a recession to the market and will help our earnings recession call come to fruition — which is really what matters to us, and the market. In other words, by the time investors figure out we are in a recession it may be too late to do anything about it and, quite frankly, it's more likely time to buy than sell," the strategists noted.
That would be the time to buy favored cyclicals and lighten up on defensive stocks.
The type of sell-off in December that drove the S&P down 10 percent year over year is very rare and only has happened when there was an earnings recession, an economic recession or both, they said.