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Venezuelan defense minister and Russia back Maduro, setting up international standoff

Key Points
  • Venezuela's defense minister and Russia back embattled socialist dictator Nicolas Maduro.
  • The United States and a number of other countries are recognizing opposition leader Juan Guaido as Venezuela's interim president.
  • The competing endorsements are creating a complicated picture in Caracas and raise the prospect of an international standoff.
Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro talks to the media during a news conference at Miraflores Palace in Caracas, Venezuela October 17, 2017.
Carlos Garcia Rawlins | Reuters

Venezuela's embattled socialist dictator Nicolas Maduro on Thursday secured the backing of two key allies: his nation's defense minister and Russia.

Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino Lopez on Thursday called Maduro the nation's "legitimate" president, one day after opposition leader Juan Guaido claimed the title of interim president of the Bolivarian Republic. The military chief said Guaido's move amounted to an attempted coup.

The endorsement is a blow to the United States and a number other nations backing Guaido, the leader of Venezuela's National Assembly. The loss of military backing would have made it far more difficult for Maduro to cling to power.

Russian President Vladimir Putin also threw his support behind Maduro on Thursday. A briefing on Putin's telephone conversation with Maduro claimed "the worsening of the internal political crisis" is being "provoked from outside the country."

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Putin "emphasised that destructive external interference is a gross violation of the fundamental norms of international law," according to the Kremlin.

The statement appeared to reference the coalition of nations backing Guaido. In addition to the United States, his supporters include Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Colombia and several other Central and South American nations.

The competing endorsements are creating a complicated picture in Caracas and raise the prospect of an international standoff over the fate of Venezuela's presidency.

European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini has called for elections in Venezuela, while European Council President Donald Tusk said he hopes Europe will united behind democratic forces in Venezuela.

"Unlike Maduro, the parliamentary assembly, including Juan Guaido have a democratic mandate from Venezuelan citizens," he said in a tweet on Wednesday.

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Mexico, Bolivia and Cuba continue to recognize Maduro as Venezuela's president.

Maduro was sworn two weeks ago after winning elections that saw low voter turnout and drew accusations of vote rigging. The contest came as Venezuela remains mired in an economic crisis that has been marked by hyperinflation, cratering oil production, devastating food and medicine shortages and mass migration.

Washington's backing for Guaido prompted Maduro to severe ties with the United States on Wednesday and order its diplomatic personnel to leave the country within 72 hours. In response, the State Department said it intends to keep its staff in place and conduct relations through Guaido's interim government.

On Thursday, Maduro said Venezuela will close its embassy and consulates in the United States.