World Economy

Saudi Arabia seeks more than $425 billion in investments for massive infrastructure program

Key Points
  • Saudi Arabia is seeking to attract 1.6 trillion riyals (nearly $429 billion) in private sector investment over the next 10 years for a infrastructure and industrial program, according to the country's energy minister.
  • "It is quite ambitious but it is over a 10-year period so we have the time to do it," Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih told a media conference.

Saudi Arabia is seeking to attract 1.6 trillion riyals (nearly $429 billion) in private sector investment over the next 10 years for a landmark infrastructure and industrial program as part of its economic diversification campaign, Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih announced Saturday.

The plan aims to channel investments through the National Industrial Development and Logistics Program, which was established under Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's Vision 2030 program. That sweeping initiative is dedicated to diversifying the kingdom's economy away from oil reliance and creating private sector jobs for Saudi nationals.

A more detailed announcement will come Monday, which al-Falih said will reveal projects worth 70 billion riyals in the energy, mining, industry and logistics sectors. He described those projects as "ready for negotiations" and added that $50 billion in further projects related to the military, chemicals and small businesses would be announced at a later, though unspecified, date.

The country's transport minister said the program will include 60 logistics initiatives including five new airports and 200 kilometers (124 miles) of railroads.

The kingdom remains open for business, Saudi transport min says

"It is quite ambitious but it is over a 10-year period so we have the time to do it," al-Falih told a media conference.

The government will seek both domestic and foreign investment, the minister added. He said he expected a "huge contribution" from the private sector internationally but that authorities "would leave the bigger share for the Saudi private sector."

Private sector headwinds

Saudi Arabia's economy shrank for the first time in nearly a decade in 2017 as headwinds batter its private sector.

Businesses have struggled to deal with higher electricity and fuel prices and a 5 percent value-added tax (VAT) introduced at the start of the year. Unemployment, hovering just over 12 percent as of last summer, is at its highest level in a decade.

The kingdom's budget for 2019 is its largest ever as the government increases spending to boost growth amid lower oil prices.

'It's all about launching ourselves,' Saudi transport minister says

"Although there may some global headwinds that are affecting some investor appetite, I'm confident with the right structure that we have, in terms of launching these new programs, that foreign and local investors will be coming into these programs," Saudi Transport Minister Minister Nabil Al-Amoudi told CNBC's Hadley Gamble on Monday.

"The kingdom has been open for business throughout its history and we continue to be open. The kingdom is here for the long-term (and) investors who look at the long-term will find good opportunities," he added.

Low oil price environment

Foreign direct investment (FDI) will be pivotal to realizing the crown prince's Vision 2030 ambitions, economists say. But it's been falling steadily since 2008— that year saw a high of $39.5 billion in FDI, dropping nearly every year and chalking a mere $1.4 billion in 2017, according to the UN. Obstacles remain in the form of skills shortages and lower oil prices, as well as growing international concern over the unpredictability and repressive tactics of the kingdom's powerful young crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman.

Still, with a booming youth population and access to a massive regional market, numerous international investors — including BlackRock's Larry Fink and the Blackstone Group's Stephen Schwarzman, among others — remain committed to the kingdom and say they see significant long-term potential.

When asked whether low oil prices would impact what Saudi Arabia is trying to do, Al-Amoudi replied: "Not in the short-term, no."

"I think it obviously puts constrains on the budget but that doesn't mean we are going to be expanding as much as we can... Even in a low-oil price environment, we still see that we can do a lot with what we have," he said.

Saudi transport minister: See more foreign investment and transport jobs for Saudis

— CNBC's Sam Meredith and Reuters contributed to this report.