This is the busiest week of the current earnings season. When the dust settles, more than 100 companies in the S&P 500 will have posted their quarterly results. Through Tuesday morning, more than 70 percent of the companies that have reported have beaten analyst expectations, according to FactSet data.
3M was among the companies that posted better-than-expected earnings on Tuesday, sending its stock up 1.9 percent. Allergan and Verizon posted stronger-than-forecast profits, but their shares fell 8.55 percent and 3.25 percent, respectively. Pfizer shares gained 3.1 percent on earnings.
Lockheed Martin shares rose 1.45 percent after posting quarterly earnings that were roughly in line with expectations. L3 Technologies shot up more than 8 percent and posted its best day since Oct. 15.
Amgen rose 0.1 percent ahead of its earnings release (it fell 2.4 percent in after-hours trading following the result's release). eBay, which is also scheduled to report after the bell, slipped 0.7 percent.
Market focus was also largely attuned to global trade developments, after prospects for a long-awaited U.S.-China trade deal were dealt another setback. It comes after Washington leveled sweeping charges against Beijing's telecom giant Huawei.
The U.S. Department of Justice filed criminal charges Monday against Meng Wanzhou, the chief financial officer of China tech giant Huawei and the daughter of its founder and president Ren Zhengfei.
The news comes shortly before Chinese Vice Premier Liu He is set to meet U.S. officials on Wednesday and Thursday. Market participants fear the jolt to Huawei could undermine the chances of the world's two largest economies reaching a comprehensive trade deal.
White House economic advisor Larry Kudlow said Tuesday, however, that President Donald Trump is "moderately optimistic" about China and the U.S. striking a deal before a March 1 deadline. The Nikkei Asian Review later reported that Chinese officials are expected to present a roadmap to achieving structural reforms this week.
Investors also looked ahead to a monetary policy decision from the Federal Reserve. Market expectations for a rate hike being announced Wednesday afternoon are zero, according to the CME Group's FedWatch tool.
The moves Tuesday come after the major indexes fell sharply on the back of disappointing guidance from Caterpillar and Nvidia. Both companies cited slowing growth in China for their forecasts. Caterpillar gained 1.7 percent on Tuesday, recovering some of its sharp losses from Monday. Nvidia added to its 13.8 percent decline, dipping 4.6 percent after several analysts bailed on the stock.
"One key common thing that high-profile companies are pointing to is weakness in overseas markets," said Michael Geraghty, equity strategist at Cornerstone Capital Group. "It's very important to keep remembering that about half of the earnings in the S&P 500 come from overseas."
"Economic data from overseas continues to be very weak," Geraghty said. "I don't think some investors fully appreciate how weak the economies are overseas and what a toll this is taking on the earnings of U.S. corporations."
—CNBC's Sam Meredith and Silvia Amaro contributed to this article.