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Here are the cities where retirees rely the most on Social Security income

Key Points
  • The places where it's is a smaller portion of retiree income tend to have a higher cost of living and higher average incomes among its residents, an analysis by SmartAsset.com shows.
  • For people who are still years away from retirement, the research is a reminder of the importance to set aside savings to provide income in addition to Social Security.
Marcy Maloy | Photodisc | Getty Images

It's no secret that for most retirees, Social Security is an important part of their income. Exactly how much varies from individual to individual — and, apparently, from city to city.

Among 100 U.S. cities with the largest 65-and-older populations, Social Security makes up an average 42 percent of retiree income, according to recent research by SmartAsset.com. The range is from more than 53 percent to about 27 percent.

The research evaluated retiree income from both Social Security and other sources — i.e., pension plans, annuities, individual retirement plans — using government data. The analysis excluded work-related income, which a growing number of older Americans are using to supplement their cash flow.

The research shows that places where Social Security makes up the largest income piece tend to be lower-cost areas — including some in states where income (or, specifically, Social Security income) doesn't get taxed. The cities where it's a smaller portion of retiree income tend to have a higher cost of living and higher incomes among its residents.

For people still in their working years, the research should point to the importance of setting aside savings now to provide you with income in your later years when full-time work is behind you. In other words, Social Security will only go so far.

Where retirees rely on Social Security the most obrien

Rank City Average Social Security income Average other retirement income* Average combined income* Social Security as a share of overall retirement income*
1"Fort Wayne Indiana""$21,247 ""$18,266 ""$39,513 "53.8%
2"Hialeah Florida""$13,858 ""$12,009 ""$25,867 "53.6%
3"Wichita Kansas""$21,034 ""$20,649 ""$41,683 "50.5%
4"Sun City Arizona""$21,187 ""$20,994 ""$42,181 "50.2%
5"Indianapolis Indiana""$20,115 ""$20,362 ""$40,477 "49.7%
6"Lincoln Nebraska""$21,602 ""$22,262 ""$43,864 "49.3%
7"Toledo Ohio""$18,109""$19,142""$37,251 "48.6%
8"Tulsa Oklahoma""$20,377 ""$21,889 ""$42,266 "48.2%
9"Milwaukee Wisconsin""$18,356 ""$19,743 ""$38,099 "48.2%
10"Port St. Lucie Florida""$21,579 ""$23,282 ""$44,861 "48.1%

"Sometimes the numbers look too big and scary so you don't want to think about it," said AJ Smith, vice president of financial education at SmartAsset. "Instead, think about the options you have available and take advantage of what you can do now."

For example, if you have access to a 401(k) plan or similar tax-advantaged retirement-savings account through work, experts typically recommend putting in enough to get any matching company contribution.

Where retirees rely on Social Security the least obrien

Rank City Average Social Security income Average other retirement income* Average combined income* Social Security as a share of overall retirement income*
91San Diego Calif."$19,775 ""$35,895 ""$55,670 "35.5%
92"Riverside Calif.""$18,784 ""$34,183 ""$52,967 "35.5%
93"Long Beach Calif.""$18,507 ""$33,831 ""$52,338 "35.4%
94"Huntington Beach Calif.""$21,779 ""$40,142 ""$61,921 "35.2%
95"Chula Vista Calif.""$17,890 ""$33,881 ""$51,771 "34.6%
96"Anchorage Alaksa""$19,437 ""$38,579 ""$58,016 "33.5%
97"Sacramento Calif.""$18,592 ""$37,883 ""$56,475 "32.9%
98"Oakland Calif.""$17,755 ""$36,487 ""$54,242 "32.7%
99"Glendale Calif.""$18,018 ""$37,697 ""$55,715 "32.3%
100"Washington D.C.""$17,402 ""$46,208 ""$63,610 "27.4%
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