Closing The Gap

The 10 industries that have shrunk their gender pay gaps the most

Co-workings on email
Twenty20

Men earn average base salaries that are 21.4 percent higher than those earned by women.

That's according to an analysis of over 425,000 salaries shared by full-time U.S. employees on Glassdoor. When looking at workers of similar age, education and experience, that gap shrinks slightly, to 19.1 percent.

In advance of Equal Pay Day, which falls on April 2nd this year, Glassdoor took a look at the industries that have shown the biggest improvements in their gender pay gaps since 2015. Daniel Zhao, Glassdoor's senior economist, says that one of the reasons some of these industries have smaller pay gaps than others is the bias women face when entering certain fields.

"Occupation and industry sorting — the tendency of women and men to sort into different industries and jobs that pay differently — is by far the largest factor that explains the overall pay gap," he tells CNBC Make It. "This means that the gap within an industry tends to be much smaller than the overall gap."

Glassdoor found that non-profits and the health care sector lead the pack, with a pay gap decrease of 2.1 percent and 1.5 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, industries such as construction, aerospace and defense, and energy and utilities all saw an increase in their pay gap since 2015.

Take a look below to see what other industries are making strides towards paying women and men equally:

Twenty20

10. Finance

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 6.4 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 5.6 percent

Percentage point change: -0.8

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 12.5 percent

9. Biotech & Pharmaceuticals

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 3.0 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 2.2 percent

Percentage point change: -0.8

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 26.6 percent

8. Education

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 3.3 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 2.4 percent

Percentage point change: -0.9

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 27.27 percent

Hero Images | Getty Images

7. Arts, Entertainment & Recreation

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 6.6 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 5.6 percent

Percentage point change: -1.0

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 15.15 percent

6. Transportation & Logistics

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 6.7 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 5.5 percent

Percentage point change: -1.2

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 17.91 percent

5. Insurance

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 7.2 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 5.9 percent

Percentage point change: -1.3

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 18.06 percent

jacoblund | iStock | Getty Images

4. Business Services

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 5.5 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 4.2 percent

Percentage point change: -1.3

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 23.64 percent

3. Real Estate

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 5.8 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 4.4 percent

Percentage point change: -1.4

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 24.14 percent

2. Health Care

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 7.2 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 5.7 percent

Percentage point change: -1.5

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 20.83 percent

1. Non-profit

Adjusted pay gap from 2006-2015: 5.7 percent

Adjusted pay gap from 2016-2018: 3.6 percent

Percentage point change: -2.1

Percentage decrease in pay gap: 36.84 percent

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