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* Q2 revenue forecast range $7.55 bln to $7.65 bln
* Sees Q2 operating margin at 31-33 pct vs 36.2 pct yr prior
* Q1 profit T$61.4 bln vs T$64.3 bln analyst view
* Q1 revenue down 11.8 pct on year (Adds Q2 guidance)
TAIPEI, April 18 (Reuters) - TSMC, the world's largest contract chipmaker, posted on Thursday its steepest profit decline in over seven years in the first quarter of the year, amid fears about the impact that slowing electronics demand could have on its business.
TSMC, formally Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd , posted net profit of T$61.4 billion ($1.99 billion) for January-March, 31.6 percent less than a year earlier, and the steepest fall since the third quarter of 2011.
The result also lagged the T$64.3 billion average of 21 analyst estimates compiled by Refinitiv.
The company, a proxy for global technology demand as its clients include iPhone maker Apple Inc, Qualcomm Inc and Huawei Technologies Co Ltd, forecast second-quarter revenue of $7.55 billion to $7.65 billion. That would be 2.5 percent to 3.8 percent lower than the year earlier.
It also forecast gross margin for the second quarter of 43 percent to 45 percent, while operating margin will be 31 percent to 33 percent, compared with 47.8 percent and 36.2 percent a year earlier, respectively.
The forecast comes as investors fret about a global tech slowdown after chip suppliers including Samsung Electronics Co Ltd recently flagged weak demand.
Slowing global demand for smartphones, as well as concerns over the prolonged U.S.-China trade war, has also taken a toll on Taiwan's supply chain manufacturers.
Analysts said TSMC would gradually recover from sluggish smartphone sales in coming months and new demand including for devices equipped with fifth-generation (5G) communications technology could help keep full-year revenue at least broadly flat.
"Fortunately 5G should put TSMC back to growth and help it deliver double-digit earnings per share expansion in 2020 and 2021," Mark Li, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein, wrote in a research note prior to the earnings announcement.
Analysts said TSMC could also benefit from Chinese clients stocking up on semiconductor products in case of any adverse outcome from the U.S.-China trade negotiations.
Revenue in U.S. dollar terms fell 16.1 percent to $7.1 billion in the first quarter, versus the company's previously estimated range of $7.0 billion to $7.1 billion, and compared with the $7.15 billion average of 22 analyst estimates.
Prior to the earnings announcement, shares in TSMC closed up 1.15 percent versus a 0.6 percent fall in the wider market . The stock has risen around 18 percent so far this year.
($1 = 30.8580 Taiwan dollars)
(Reporting by Yimou Lee and Roger Tung; Editing by Christopher Cushing)