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FACTBOX-Auto industry consolidation: mega-mergers and alliances

FRANKFURT, May 27 (Reuters) - Italian-American carmaker Fiat Chrysler on Monday proposed a merger of equals with France's Renault in a deal that could create the world's third-biggest carmaker and trigger a fresh round of industry consolidation.

Following is a recent history of auto deals:

October 2018 - Volkswagen said it was open to deeper alliances particularly in the area of autonomous driving with Ford. October 2018 - Honda said it would invest $2.75 billion and take a 5.7% stake in General Motors' Cruise self-driving unit.

June 2018 - Ford and Volkswagen confirmed an alliance in the area of commercial vehicles. The companies said they had no plans for an equity swap or cross-ownership structure as part of the deal, but were exploring other areas of cooperation.

February 2018 - Geely's chairman Li Shufu revealed he had bought a 9.69% stake in Mercedes-Benz parent Daimler, worth around $9 billion.

January 10, 2018 - Mazda and Toyota announced they would open a $1.6 billion joint-venture car factory in Huntsville, Alabama, in 2021. Toyota took a 5% stake in Mazda as part of the deal.

August 1, 2017 - General Motors sold its European brands Opel and Vauxhall to France's PSA Group for 2.2 billion euros in a landmark deal that saw GM abandoning volume sales as its performance benchmark.

June 2017 - Zhejiang Geely Holding Group takes a majority stake in Lotus Cars.

May 2016 - Nissan bought a 34% stake in Mitsubishi Motors, handing it de facto control over the carmaker in a $2.2 billion deal.

January 2016 - Toyota, which already owned 51.2% of Japanese rival Daihatsu, bought the remaining stake in an all stock deal worth $3 billion. September 2015 - Fiat Chrysler CEO Marchionne proposed a combination with General Motors in an email to chief executive Mary Barra. He was rebuffed. January 2014 - Fiat, under Marchionne's leadership, tightened its grip on Chrysler Group LLC by buying the 41.46% stake it did not already own in a $4.35 billion deal.

July 2012 - Volkswagen took full control of Porsche AG, integrating it into its multi-brand empire.

April 2010 - Renault-Nissan boss Carlos Ghosn and Daimler CEO Dieter Zetsche unveiled an arms-length cooperation alliance including mutual cross-shareholdings of around 3%. In 2014, this is extended to sharing vehicle platforms and a factory in Aguascalientes, Mexico, between Nissan's Infiniti brand and Mercedes-Benz. March 2010 - China's Zhejiang Geely Holding Group bought Volvo cars from Ford for $1.8 billion. December 2009 - Renault and Daimler started talks about an alliance. December 2009 - After Porsche's derivatives portfolio unravelled in the financial crisis, it turned to Volkswagen and Qatar for help. Volkswagen bought a 49.9% stake in Porsche's sportscar business for 3.9 billion euros. June 2009 - General Motors filed for bankruptcy protection. April 2009 - France pledged 3 billion euro loans for both Renault and its competitor PSA Peugeot Citroen. April 2009 - Chrysler filed for bankruptcy protection. January 2009 - Porsche said it had amassed a 50.8% stake in Volkswagen through derivatives contracts. 2008 - India's Tata bought Jaguar and Land Rover from Ford for $2.3 billion. 2007 - Daimler sold an 80% stake in Chrysler to private equity firm Cerberus for 5.5 billion euros, arguing that unwinding the merger was the best way to create "the greatest overall value -- both for Daimler and Chrysler". October 2005 - Porsche bought an 18.5% stake in Volkswagen AG. March 2000 - Ford bought Land Rover from BMW for $2.7 billion. March 2000 - BMW sold Rover Cars to the Phoenix consortium after concluding the brand was "not strong enough to perform the tasks intended for it." BMW retained ownership of Mini. March 1999 - Renault and Nissan signed an alliance that resulted in Renault holding a 44.4% stake in Nissan, while Nissan owned 15% of Renault's shares. January 1999 - Ford bought Sweden's Volvo cars for $6.45 billion. September 1998 - Volkswagen's unit Audi bought Italian sportscar brand Automobili Lamborghini SpA. July 1998 - Volkswagen bought Bentley Motor Ltd. and Bugatti Automobiles S.A. May 1998 - Daimler-Benz bought Chrysler Corp. for $36 billion in a deal promising at least $1 billion in synergies within a year. January 1994 - BMW bought Britain's Rover Group for 800 million pounds.

December 1990 - The Czech government allowed Volkswagen AG to buy local carmaker Skoda. June 1986 - Volkswagen AG bought a 51% stake in Spanish brand Seat. (Reporting by Edward Taylor; Editing by Mark Potter)