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METALS-Copper touches five-month lows on demand concerns

Pratima Desai

* GRAPHIC-2019 asset returns:

* Copper support at January lows (Updates with official prices)

LONDON, June 3 (Reuters) - Copper prices touched five-month lows on Monday, pressured by the escalating trade dispute between the United States and China and concerns over the damage to manufacturing activity and demand for industrial metals.

Benchmark copper on the London Metal Exchange (LME) traded down 0.2% at $5,818 a tonne in official rings, having earlier hit $5,801, its lowest since Jan. 4.

"Pessimism has taken hold. A recovery will need an end, or at least conciliatory moves, between the two sides," a fund manager trading metals said in reference to the U.S.-China trade dispute.

"Manufacturing PMIs show the decline in activity, the outlook for industrial metals doesn't look good."

Copper prices on the Shanghai Futures Exchange fell to a two-year low at 46,050 yuan.

HIT LIST: China on Friday threatened to unveil an unprecedented hit list of "unreliable" foreign businesses, groups and individuals that harm the interests of Chinese companies. On Saturday it imposed additional levies on the majority of U.S. imports on a $60 billion target list.

"These actions could be viewed as putting China back on to a level playing field," ING analysts said in a note.

"The U.S. should now know that suppressing China will result in bounce-back retaliation from China. Whether this will encourage the U.S. to go back to the negotiation table is hard to gauge."

CHINA: Factory activity in China expanded at a modest pace in May, a private survey showed, but analysts say that front-loading of exports to the United States in an effort to avoid higher tariffs masked underlying weakness in the economy.

EURO ZONE: Manufacturing activity in the euro zone contracted for a fourth month in May and at a faster pace, a survey showed.

ISM: The Institute for Supply Management's survey of U.S. manufacturing is due later on Monday. The headline index weakened considerably in April.

TREATMENT CHARGES: Treatment charges for copper on the spot market have fallen to 6-1/2 year lows and are expected to remain under pressure due to shortages of the concentrate used to make refined metal.

TECHNICALS: First support for copper is at $5,772.50, the low on Jan. 4. Strong support comes in at the 18-month low of $5,725 hit on Jan. 3.

POSITIONS: "The copper net speculative short position has inched up to 7.4% of open interest, or 13,000 lots, largely back to levels not seen since October," Marex Spectron analysts said in a note. One lot is 25 tonnes. "Last year the short in copper peaked at 30% of open interest on July 19."

PRICES: Aluminium traded down 0.4% at $1,788.50 per tonne. Zinc was untraded in the ring but was bid 2% lower at $2,473, lead slipped 0.4% to $1,797, tin gained 0.1 percent to $18,725 and nickel fell 1.1% to $11,890.

(Reporting by Pratima Desai; editing by David Goodman and Jason Neely)