A person familiar with the matter said the cuts affect about one-half of 1% of employees. IBM has more than 340,000 employees, according to its last proxy statement, which means the cuts would affect around 1,700 employees.
"We are continuing to reposition our team to align with our focus on the high-value segments of the IT market, and we also continue to hire aggressively in critical new areas that deliver value for our clients and IBM," a company spokesperson told CNBC in an email. The company's jobs page lists 7,705 openings.
The trim comes as IBM seeks to evolve its business through a major acquisition and meet its goal of growing profits.
IBM shares are up 16% since the beginning of 2019. In April the company reported first-quarter revenue that was down nearly 5% year over year and below analysts' expectations.
The company is in the midst of a plan to acquire open-source software giant Red Hat for $34 billion. The deal is set to close in the second half of this year.
IBM has its own public cloud infrastructure for deploying applications, but in buying Red Hat, IBM has sought to also gain business from companies adopting other public clouds, like Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure, both of which have more market share, according to Synergy Research Group.
Earlier this month, Evercore ISI analysts Amit Daryanani and Irvin Liu highlighted the importance of the Red Hat deal as they initiated coverage of IBM:
"While IBM stock will likely be range bound near-term, as investors remain on the sidelines until they have better understanding of IBM's financial profile post close of the Red Hat acquisition, our positive stance is based on our favorable view of the RHT deal which has the potential to be transformational as it significantly broadens IBM's capabilities and customer reach," wrote Daryanani and Liu.
Red Hat had 13,360 employees as of Feb. 28, according to its annual report.