Top Stories
Top Stories
Personal Finance

What is your net worth?

Key Points
  • Subtract what you owe from what you own to determine your net worth.
  • That will give you a good picture of your financial health.
  • If your net worth is in the red, don't panic.
Martin Barraud | Getty Images

Knowing your net worth isn't just for the 1%.

Even if you don't fly in first class or summer in the Hamptons, this simple equation is an important tool that says a lot about your financial health.

Still, most people don't bother to calculate it. That's a mistake.

"It's the first snapshot into an overall look at your finances," said Michael LaRiviere, a certified financial planner at Essex Financial in Connecticut.

Subtract what you owe from what you own to determine your net worth.

Your net worth is essentially the sum of all of your assets, including cash, retirement accounts, college savings, house, cars, investment properties and valuables such as art and jewelry minus any liabilities, or long-term debt, such as a mortgage, student loans, revolving credit card balances and any other personal loans.

"More often than not — especially for those under 40 — the number is going to be negative," said Daniel Routh, a CFP at Old Peak Finance. "That's not unusual and not something to be afraid of."

If your net worth is in the red, you'll need to work on saving more and spending less. Start with the rates you are paying on borrowed money and begin chipping away at the highest-interest debt first, especially credit cards, followed by student loans.

Credit card rates are currently at a record high of more than 17%, on average, according to Bankrate.

VIDEO2:4502:45
Your net worth

For student loans, rates run from 4.5% for direct loans for undergrads to 6% for direct unsubsidized loans for graduate and professional students, down slightly from last year.

You may also be able to lower the interest rate on your student loans substantially, even as low as 3% or 4%, by refinancing. Then, keep on top of regular payments, Routh said.

From there, work on building up your savings, particularly by participating in your company's retirement savings plan (if offered). You should be contributing at least enough to receive an employer match, if you are eligible for one — even if that means cutting other expenses or dialing back your spending.

If your company does not offer a 401(k) plan or company match, consider contributing to an individual retirement account or a Roth IRA. Contributions to a Roth are not tax-deductible and earnings grow tax-free. And the contributions are yours to withdraw at any time without penalty.

Sign Up for Our Newsletter Your Wealth

Weekly advice on managing your money
Get this delivered to your inbox, and more info about about our products and services.
By signing up for newsletters, you are agreeing to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Ideally, as you continue to earn and save, your net worth will grow. To track your progress, revisit your number once a year, LaRiviere said. "Check in to see what goals were we able to accomplish over those 12 months."

Overall, household net worth has been mostly trending higher, reaching $108.6 trillion in the first quarter of 2019, according to the most recent Federal Reserve data, after sliding stock prices caused Americans' wealth to fall at the end of last year.

The average net worth of all U.S. families is now $692,100, according to The Federal Reserve's Survey of Consumer Finances. That number may be misleading, however, since the super rich can pull up the average.

The median net worth, or those at the 50th percentile, is significantly lower: $97,300.

More from Personal Finance:
How much money do you need to retire?
5 money mistakes that keep you from getting rich
How to save $1 million for retirement? Ask yourself this

Subscribe to CNBC on YouTube.