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UNITED NATIONS, Sept 25 (Reuters) - Latin American countries have set a collective target of 70% renewable energy use by 2030, more than double what the European Union is planning, Colombia's energy minister said, ahead of her country's October renewables tender.
Colombia presented the target at the United Nations Climate Action Summit this week, where world leaders were asked to deliver concrete proposals to combat climate change.
The plan is meant to put Colombia and eight others in leadership roles ahead of the U.N. climate change summit in Chile in December, energy minister Maria Fernanda Suarez told Reuters in a Tuesday interview.
"It's the most ambitious goal in terms of a global region. Right now nine countries in the region have agreed to this plan and we will continue to get more countries to be part of this goal ahead of the upcoming summit," she said, noting the European Union has set a renewable energy target of 32%.
Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Colombia are part of the pact. Panama and Brazil are still weighing participation, Suarez said.
Colombia aims to contribute 4 gigawatts of renewable energy toward the 2030 regional goal of 312 gigawatts, Suarez said.
"The introduction of viable renewables, meaning wind, solar biomass or other clean energy, is the first priority," she said.
Some 70% of the Andean country's electricity already comes from hydropower, but Colombia is focused on quickly ramping up the share from solar and wind to 9% by mid-2022, she added.
That 9% is equivalent to some 1,500 megawatts.
The country's efforts to rapidly deploy solar and wind have met with challenges.
In February, Colombia failed to award 23 contracts in its first renewable energy tender because they would have gone to only a few companies, violating antitrust rules.
Contracts in an October auction will be on a 'take or pay' basis, Suarez said, requiring the buyer to purchase contracted energy regardless of whether it is used. The energy generator will supply a fixed amount of electricity.
Successful projects will be done under a 15-year power purchase agreement, she added.
"The October auction will be a very important moment and we hope buyers and sellers arrive at competitive prices on both sides," she said.
Renewable energy buyers do not have to pay any VAT and get corporate tax deductions.
The government has tools to force buyers to purchase renewable energy if the auction is a bust, she said without elaborating. (Reporting by Valerie Volcovici, Editing by Julia Symmes Cobb and Steve Orlofsky)