The Texas attorney general's office has hired three consultants for a multi-state probe it is leading into Alphabet's Google, including an economist who worked with some of the firm's major rivals and a lawyer who is a Microsoft veteran.
A group of 48 state attorneys general, joined by Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico, announced this month that they were investigating accusations of antitrust violations by search and advertising giant Google, one of several focused on tech firms.
The three consultants are Roger Alford, until this year an assistant attorney general in the Justice Department's antitrust division; Eugene Burrus, an external adviser at McKinsey & Co. who was assistant general counsel at Microsoft; and Cristina Caffarra, an economist heading the European competition team at consultancy Charles River Associates.
"Everyone knows this will be a long-running investigation," said Alford, who has taught law at the University of Notre Dame since 2012. He told Reuters that meetings on the matter began in August, but declined to comment further.
Texas' contracts with Alford and Burrus — obtained by Reuters on Wednesday through a public records request — ran from May 29 through August 31, with a maximum hourly fee of $500 and an optional extension. Alford said his contract had been extended through August 31, 2021.
Caffarra's contract runs from September 3 to August 31, 2021, with maximum fees of $0.
Burrus, Caffarra and the Texas attorney general's office did not respond to requests for comment. Google, which has said it is cooperating with investigators, declined to comment.
Burrus spent 15 years at Microsoft before joining law firm Hagens Berman Sobol Shapiro in 2017 for a short stint. It has represented clients in antitrust and other lawsuits against Google, and his firm biography says he developed an antitrust case that led the EU to fine Google $2.7 billion for its shopping tool in 2017.
A spokesman for Microsoft, which has complained about Google's competitive tactics, did not provide immediate comment.
Caffarra, standing among several attorneys general this month at a news conference for the Google investigation, posted on Twitter that the announcement was "a huge deal."
Alford said he was also at the event.
Though Caffarra's contract with Texas calls for her to earn no money, a slide presentation from August posted on the Charles River website lists Google critic News Corp and competitors Microsoft and Amazon.com among her clients on antitrust matters.
As part of its investigation, the Texas AG's office has sought information from Oracle, its executive vice president, Ken Glueck, told Reuters on Wednesday.
Oracle has feuded with Google over several business issues and was involved in advocacy group FairSearch that pushed for the European Union to investigate Google.
Oracle has also heard from the House Judiciary Committee, Glueck said, and has met the Justice Department.
The FTC is also looking at Amazon.com, sources have said. The Justice Department has launched a broad review of large internet companies.