When it comes to the forecast for the markets and your investments, there's good news and bad news.
First, the bad news: The S&P 500 may not climb any higher in the last months of this year, according to Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
That's as the latest market rout has brought the index down to about 2,900, the year-end target the firm had previously predicted.
How well the market has done this year depends on how you look at it. Since the lows of December, the market is up more than 16%, according to the firm. But from September 2018 to September 2019, earnings and performance are actually flat.
But there is also good news. "We don't expect a recession, given the information we have today," said Chris Hyzy, chief investment officer at Merrill and Bank of America Private Bank.
After breathing a sigh of relief that a downturn isn't coming, investors would be wise to keep an eye on four other forces that could shape the economy and markets, according to Hyzy.
That includes any monetary policy adjustments from the Federal Reserve, trade negotiations between the U.S. and China, earnings growth and overall investor sentiment.
One way for individual investors to stay ahead of those changes is to keep a long view, Hyzy said. "Think about the next 12 to 24 months, not the next three months," he said.
Bank of America is expecting about 6% earnings growth on the S&P 500 next year. That should make way for attractive returns when it comes to equities relative to fixed income, Hyzy said.
So when days like Wednesday hit, where the Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 1.86% and the S&P 500 dropped 1.79%, investors should see that as an opportunity to rebalance their portfolios and potentially increase their allocations to equities versus fixed income, Hyzy said.
"They should use this as an opportunity to reset portfolios, particularly for the investor who has been waiting for better prices," Hyzy said.
When it comes to equities, the key word for 2020 is diversification, he said. That includes a mix of growth and value, as well as cyclical and defensive stocks.
In this environment, some so-called safe assets could be exposing you to more risk than you realize, noted financial advisor Scott Hanson, co-CEO of Allworth Financial.
"A portfolio of fixed income that is designed to be the more conservative piece of [your] portfolio might actually be riskier than the stocks that [you] own," Hanson said.
If you own bonds that mature five, 10 or more years out, you may want to question whether you have the right kind of holdings.
Whether or not they're a fit depends on what happens with interest rates, Hanson said. "Rates don't have to rise that much to have a negative return on a portfolio," he said.
Also pay attention to the risk you're taking on, particularly if you have lowered the quality of credit you're invested in as you hunt for better yields, he said.
When stocks hit a low, that's an excellent time to put cash you've had on the side in the market.
But that's as long as you are not robbing your emergency fund or investing money you may need for more short-term goals.
"The biggest thing we focus on, particularly in volatile markets, is if there are cash needs, to make sure cash is available," said Diahann W. Lassus, president of Lassus Wherley, a subsidiary of Peapack Gladstone Bank.
That can include goals like a big trip or gift that someone expects to make in the next six to 18 months, Lassus said.
For larger amounts of cash, Lassus may have clients put that money in a Treasury money market fund so that they get a return on that money.
The key thing is to make sure you have enough money to cover your needs before you ramp up your risk, Lassus said.
"If someone has dollars and it's not dollars that they need for critical living expenses or ongoing expenses, then they can say, 'Maybe I want to be more aggressive,'" Lassus said.
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