With Rep. Elijah Cummings' death, Capitol Hill loses a widely respected lawmaker who brought gravitas to his role as a key player in challenging President Donald Trump.
The longtime Democratic representative and chairman of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform died Thursday at age 68 due to what his office called longstanding health challenges. The lawmaker, who represented major parts of Baltimore and its outskirts since 1996, was seen as an advocate for cutting prescription drug prices, fighting addiction, strengthening gun control and reforming the criminal justice system.
Cummings gained more national prominence in recent years, especially in the aftermath of the widely covered death of Freddie Gray, a 25-year-old black man, in Baltimore Police Department custody. His role as chair of the House Oversight Committee put him in the position of being a major foil to Trump, and in a leading spot in the chamber's impeachment inquiry into the president.
Here are some of the major moments from Cummings' career.
After working as a lawyer in Baltimore, Cummings won a seat in the Maryland General Assembly. He served in that position from 1983 to 1996, becoming the first African American to be named speaker pro tempore in Maryland.
He then ran for Maryland's 7th Congressional District in a 1996 special election. He won the congressional seat and had held it since.
Cummings led the Congressional Black Caucus in 2003 and 2004.
Cummings' national fame grew in the wake of Gray's death, which came amid a national reckoning over police use of force against unarmed black men. He gave an impassioned speech at Gray's funeral in April 2015, promising "we will not rest until we address this and see that justice is done."
Referencing the news cameras present at the funeral, he asked, "Did anyone recognize Freddie when he was alive?"
Cummings gained further recognition during the early May 2015 riots that followed charges against six police officers who took Gray into custody. Standing between a crowd and police with a bullhorn, he urged protesters to go home ahead of a city curfew.
"We came here because we love you," he said, according to The Washington Post.
None of the officers was convicted on charges related to Gray's death.
Cummings, first as ranking member and then as chairman of the Oversight Committee, was a consistent thorn in the side of the Trump administration. He in particular sparred with the White House over his efforts to acquire the president's financial records. Only last week, an appeals court upheld his committee's subpoena for Trump's tax returns.
Cummings said he had only one conversation alone with the president, according to The Baltimore Sun.
He later recounted part of what he said to Trump: "Mr. President, you're now 70-something, I'm 60-something. Very soon you and I will be dancing with the angels. The thing that you and I need to do is figure out what we can do — what present can we bring to generations unborn?"
Cummings also presided over the widely anticipated congressional testimony of Trump's former personal lawyer and fixer Michael Cohen earlier this year. In his closing statement, he called for a return to normalcy.
"The president called you a rat," Cummings said. "We're better than that. We really are."
In July, Trump targeted Cummings in language many considered racist. After Cummings harshly questioned the Trump administrations's border security policy, and whether it had an "empathy deficit," the president belittled Cummings' district.
Trump called Baltimore a "disgusting, rat and rodent infested mess." In an August speech, Cummings called on top government officials to stop "using racist language and encouraging reprehensible behavior," without naming the president.
Even amid Cummings' disputes with Trump, he stayed friends with and maintained the respect of many House Republicans. He was notably friends with Rep. Mark Meadows, former leader of the hard-line conservative House Freedom Caucus and one of Trump's fiercest defenders on Capitol Hill.
In a tweet Thursday, the North Carolina Republican said, "There was no stronger advocate and no better friend than Elijah Cummings."
"I will miss him dearly," he added.