Chile said it's calling off the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Santiago in mid-November.
The cancellation was due to protests, according to Chilean President Sebastian Pinera.
"This has been a very tough decision … but it is based on the wise principle of common sense," Pinera said in a media address Wednesday.
"A president must always put his compatriots above all else," Pinera said. "Our main concern is reestablishing public order, our citizens' safety and social peace along with pushing through a social agenda to respond to the main demands of our citizens."
Chile's government had extended a state of emergency to several cities across the country last week as a proposed hike in public transport fares sparked nationwide protests.
The decision by Chile to cancel the summit brings up the question of when the leaders of the U.S. and China will meet to sign a much-needed trade deal.
Earlier this month, Trump said the U.S. has come to a "very substantial phase one deal" with China, adding phase two will start "almost immediately" after the first phase is signed. The U.S. also ditched a planned tariff hike on $250 billion in Chinese goods that was set to take effect Oct. 15.
A White House spokesman told CNBC that APEC doesn't have a secondary site prepared, but the U.S. and China will still be working to bring the partial deal to a conclusion.
"We look forward to finalizing Phase One of the historic trade deal with China within the same time frame, and when we have an announcement, we'll let you know," the spokesman said.
Trump had said the agreement would address issues such as intellectual property and financial services and include a pledge for China to buy $40 billion to $50 billion in American agricultural products.
The U.S. said Monday that it is considering extending certain tariff exclusions on $34 billion of imports from China as the two nations work toward a trade agreement. Exemptions on nearly 1,000 products are set to expire in December.