Market Insider

Surprise gain in October jobs reinforces Fed's plan to pause its rate cuts

Key Points
  • October's surprisingly strong jobs report and sharp revisions to August and September data reinforce the Fed's decision to stop cutting interest rates for now, and reduced some market expectations for a December rate cut.
  • The economy added 128,000 jobs, even with the negative drag of 46,000 striking GM workers and the reduction of 17,000 federal government jobs, due to the end of temporary employment for Census workers.  
  • The yield on the 2-year Treasury note, which reflects Fed policy, is still below the level it was at ahead of the Fed's rate cut news.
Chipotle restaurant workers fill orders for customers in Miami.
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The stronger-than-expected October jobs report and big revisions to prior months shows that the labor market is resilient and that should encourage the Fed to stay on the sidelines.

The economy added 128,000 jobs in October, despite the negative impact of a General Motors strike, which reduced vehicle and parts manufacturing jobs by 42,000. Economists had expected a total of just 75,000 payrolls, according to Dow Jones. Payrolls for August and September were revised higher by 95,000 jobs, bringing the average for the year to 167,000 per month, below last year's average gain of 223,000.

"The labor market is still cooking," said Ward McCarthy, chief financial economist at Jefferies. "To the extent the market had been starting to get on another rate cut in December, it's not going to happen."

Following the 8:30 a.m. ET report, stock futures jumped and the S&P 500 reached a new high just after the opening bell. Treasury yields rose, but rates were still not as high as they were earlier this week, ahead of the Federal Open Market Committee's rate cut.

The Fed on Wednesday lowered interest rates by a quarter point and signaled it would take a pause from further moves, unless it sees a notable change in its outlook. At the time, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said the central bank anticipates a moderately growing economy and a solid labor market.

Even though the Fed's action was seen as hawkish, interest rates slipped, and the 2-year yield fell below the 1.65% level it was at ahead of the Fed's announcement. It remained below that level after the jobs report, trading at 1.53%. Yields move opposite price.

"Overall, it's a very strong read on the labor market. It's surprising the 2-year is still lower than where it was going into the FOMC," said Jon Hill, rate strategist at BMO. The 2-year yield hit a high of 1.56% after the jobs report, and it is the part of the Treasury curve that most reflects the Fed's policy.

Hill said there are market players still betting on a Fed rate cut for December, but the jobs report took some of that expectation out of the market. Fed funds futures were pointing to 15.5% odds of a December rate reduction, down from 22.1% Thursday, according to the CME's FedWatch tool.

ISM manufacturing was also reported Friday morning, and stocks moved even higher after the 10 a.m. ET report. The PMI was at 48.3, lower than expected but an improvement over September. Plus, the new orders index in the report rose to 49.1, up from 47.3 in September, and employment climbed to 47.7 from 46.3.

"The Chicago PMI was so horrifically weak, that created expectations that ISM was going to be weaker. It's still below 50. That means activity did slow but the level of the index went up," said McCarthy. Chicago PMI data was released Thursday and was at its lowest level in more than three years.

In the October employment report, a big addition in jobs came from food services and drinking places. The sector added 48,000 jobs in the month, and the industry averaged 38,000 jobs over the past three months, up from 16,000 in the first seven months of the year. Manufacturing employment decreased by 36,000, less than the 50,000 expected by economists.

The unemployment rate rose slightly to 3.6%, from 3.5%, as expected.

Update: Corrects that the pace of job growth in 2019 averages 167,000