Major Asia Pacific markets were mixed on Thursday as investors remained cautious over the fast-spreading new coronavirus that has infected more than 81,000 people and killed over 2,700.
Most of the people infected and killed by the disease to-date are from China. However, the number of cases outside the country has surged in recent weeks — especially in places like South Korea, Italy, and Iran. That's led to global sell-off, including in the U.S. where the S&P 500 wiped out $1.7 trillion in just two sessions.
Japanese stocks led losses among major markets in the region as the Nikkei 225 fell 2.13% to close at 21,948.23 while the Topix index ended its trading day 2.37% lower at 1,568.06. The Japanese yen, considered a safe-haven asset, traded at 110.13 versus the dollar, strengthening from levels above 111.00 earlier in the week.
In South Korea, the Kospi closed 1.05% lower at 2,054.89 as the Bank of Korea kept its policy rate unchanged. The central bank surprised markets by holding its benchmark interest rate at 1.25% when analysts polled by Reuters were expecting a cut. That was despite a recent spike in the number of infection cases in the country — jumping from around 31 to over 1,000 in a little more than a week.
Aberdeen Standard Investments' Leong Lin Jing described the Bank of Korea's interest rate decision as "a little bit curious."
"Bank of Korea has had a habit of being a little bit behind the curve … when acknowledging that growth is slowing down," Leong, who is Asian fixed income investment manager at Aberdeen, told CNBC's "Street Signs" on Thursday.
On Thursday, South Korea's Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed 334 more cases, bringing the country's total to 1,595. South Korea now has the most number of confirmed cases outside China, where the outbreak was first reported.
The South Korean won weakened against the dollar to 1,215.27, from levels near 1,212 before the decision.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng index was largely flat, as of its final hour of trading. Hong Kong-listed shares of Standard Chartered jumped more than 1% despite the lender warning that recent headwinds like the coronavirus outbreak will likely result in income growth in 2020 being below its "medium-term 5-7% target range."
Mainland Chinese stocks, on the other hand, bucked the overall trend regionally as they saw gains on the day. The Shanghai composite rose 0.11% to about 2,991.33 while the Shenzhen component was up 0.32% to 11,534.02. The Shenzhen composite also advanced 0.24% to around 1,895.13.
The moves upward on the mainland came as the World Health Organization said Wednesday the number of daily new coronavirus cases outside China exceeded those inside the country for the first time.
In Australia, the benchmark S&P/ASX 200 closed 0.75% lower at 6,657.90 as shares of major banks in the country sold off.
Overall, the MSCI Asia ex-Japan index was 0.3% lower.
One investor told CNBC on Thursday that the markets were already "looking for an excuse" to sell.
"Everybody's just ready, everybody was saying we ... could have a fall back," Simon Fentham-Fletcher, chief investment officer at Freedom Asset Management, told CNBC's "Capital Connection" on Thursday.
"COVID-19 looks like it's an excuse," Fentham-Fletcher said, in reference to the official name of the coronavirus that has come under the spotlight. "The bears have been hanging around for awhile."
"This is a perfect, perfect excuse," Fentham-Fletcher said, adding that he thought the reaction was "slightly overblown"
Late Wednesday U.S. time, President Donald Trump announced that Vice President Mike Pence will be in charge of the U.S. response to the deadly outbreak. Trump also said the risk of the disease to the country remained "very low."
In contrast to Trump's remarks, Australia's Prime Minister Scott Morrison warned that the world "will soon enter a pandemic phase of the coronavirus," according to a Reuters report on Thursday.
Meanwhile, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Wednesday confirmed the first potential "community spread" of the coronavirus stateside.
U.S. futures pointed to siginficant declines at the Thursday open on Wall Street: Dow futures fell 272 points and indicated a loss of 293.59 points at Thursday's open. S&P 500 futures and Nasdaq futures also pointed to declines for the two indexes at the open on Thursday.
Overnight on Wall Street, the Dow Jones Industrial Average extended its sharp weekly decline as it closed 123.77 points lower at 26,957.59. The S&P 500 fell 0.4% to 3,116.39 while the Nasdaq Composite was up just 0.2% at 8,980.77. Wednesday's losses brought the Dow's points losses to more than 2,000.
The moves on Wall Street came as bond yields fell after Bloomberg News cited a Food and Drug Administration official saying the coronavirus was on the cusp of a pandemic. The benchmark 10-year Treasury yield was last at 1.3071%.
The U.S. dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of its peers, traded at 98.908, after seeing an earlier high of 99.051. The Australian dollar changed hands at $0.6555 after declining from levels around $0.66 yesterday.
Correction: This report was updated to reflect the correct spelling of Simon Fentham-Fletcher's name.