Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell is trying to reassure Americans about this unprecedented financial crisis ignited by the coronavirus pandemic.
"The Federal Reserve is working hard to support you now, and our policies will be very important when the recovery does come, to make that recovery as strong as possible," Powell said Thursday on NBC's "TODAY."
"Really the message is this: This is a unique situation, it's not like a typical downturn. We've asked people to step back from economic activity really to make an investment in our public health. They're doing that for the public good, and this bill that's just passed is going to try to provide relief and stability to those people," Powell added, referring to the historic $2 trillion emergency relief package approved by the Senate Wednesday night.
The U.S. economy has essentially shut down in recent weeks to address the COVID-19 pandemic. The business closures and stay-at-home advisories have caused unprecedented financial and societal disruptions.
The Senate stimulus bill, the largest economic rescue package in U.S. history, includes direct payments to individuals, stronger unemployment insurance, loans and grants to businesses and more health-care resources for hospitals, states and municipalities.
The Fed has also stepped in in an effort to shore up the economy as the coronavirus outbreak and subsequent business slowdown continues to roil markets. Among other things, the central bank has slashed interest rates to near zero and announced an unprecedented unlimited asset purchase program.
The Fed's primary small business program is the Main Street Lending Program, where the Treasury is underwriting loans going directly to small businesses. The Fed is also buying bonds that are backed by auto loans, credit card loans, student loans and some small business loans backed by the Small Business Administration.
Powell emphasized that the Fed's actions are a way to provide credit to businesses small and large.
The Fed chairman declined to set any timetable for a recovery. President Donald Trump has pushed for a quick resumption of economic activity by Easter, just weeks away.
"We would tend to listen to the experts," said Powell. "Dr. Fauci said something like, the virus is going to set the timetable and that sounds right to me," he added, referring to Dr. Anthony Fauci, a leader of the White House coronavirus task force.
"I think the sooner we get the spread of the virus under control, people will regain confidence when they become confident that is the case, then they will very willingly open their businesses up, go back to work, the consumer will be spending. So I think the first order of business will be to get the spread of the virus under control, then resume economic activity."
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