Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe expanded a state of emergency to include the entire country on Thursday and said the government was considering cash payouts for all in an effort to stem the coronavirus outbreak and cushion the economic downturn.
With more than 9,000 infections and nearly 200 deaths nationally, the government has declared an emergency in Tokyo and six areas including western Osaka, but other regions have sought to be added amid worries about the spreading virus.
While short of a lockdown, the state of emergency imposed for a month from April 7 gave authorities more power to push people to stay home and businesses to close. It has covered about 44% of the population up until now.
Abe said the emergency would be in place until May 6 and was aimed at reducing traffic during the Golden Week holiday season around the start of May.
"We absolutely need to avoid people moving across prefectures in order to prevent the spread of the virus going forward toward Golden Week," he said, in comments following a meeting with advisers.
Abe is under pressure to do more to control the virus amid perceptions his response has been too little, too late, denting his support among voters, and Japan Inc.
Japan faced a long battle and governors would need to tailor their response to local needs, Koji Wada, an expert advising policymakers, told Reuters.
"We are still on the brink of the COVID-19 war," added Wada, a professor at the capital's International University of Health and Welfare. "We are still just at the beginning."
Health minister Katsunobu Kato said officials were worried about the rapid spread of infections, which have increased 2.2 times between April 7 and Wednesday.
In particular, officials are worried that travelers during the holiday could carry the virus to places where infections have so far been low, Kato said.
Abe is due to hold a news conference at 6:00 p.m. JST (0900 GMT) on Friday.
Abe said the government was considering cash payouts of 100,000 yen ($930) for everyone, an attempt to cushion the blow to the world's third-largest economy.
The government's supplementary budget plan has set aside funds for cash payouts of 300,000 yen to households whose incomes have been hit by the virus, but that will be changed to the individual payouts, a government official with direct knowledge of the matter earlier told Reuters.
The change follows growing calls from ruling and opposition lawmakers for bolder steps by Abe to help people ride out the pandemic.
The International Monetary Fund, which expects Japan's economy to contract by 5.2% this year, has urged it to boost fiscal spending and focus on easing the hit to growth.
Sources have told Reuters the Bank of Japan is likely to project an economic contraction for this fiscal year and discuss further measures to ease corporate funding strains at its rate review on April 27-28.
Before it can take effect, parliament must approve the draft supplementary budget, compiled to fund a near $1 trillion stimulus package Abe's administration unveiled last week.
It is rare for the government to make changes to a draft budget, which is carefully prepared by the finance ministry to account for the views of politicians.
Any change would underscore the challenge Abe faces in tackling the growing economic toll of the pandemic without putting too much strain on already tattered finances.
A Reuters poll showed most Japanese corporations were disappointed by the government's stimulus plan.
Surveys show Abe has lost support over what critics call a timid and sluggish pandemic response, and an appearance of being tone deaf to the severity of the crisis in his own social media posts.
Support for Abe's cabinet fell four points to 39% in an NHK survey published on Monday, with 75% saying his emergency declaration came too late.