- As conditions worsen, credit card issuers have begun closing accounts and lowering credit limits.
- For everyday Americans, this can negatively impact their credit score and ability to borrow money.
As financial conditions worsen for millions of Americans, credit card companies are tightening the purse strings.
In fact, some card issuers have already begun lowering credit limits — sometimes without notice — and more are expected to follow.
"We knew the purge was going to come at some point, but it looks like it may have started," said Matt Schulz, chief credit analyst at LendingTree.
With most major changes to your credit card terms, issuers need to give advanced notice, but that's not the case with credit limits, Schulz said. "For the most part, they are free to change those credit limits as they please."
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In the midst of a financial crisis, that's likely to happen. Banks have less money to lend and, on top of that, cardholders are at greater risk of becoming delinquent on their credit card payments.
To mitigate that risk and compensate for less credit overall, issuers are scaling back consumer credit lines, just like they did a decade ago during the last recession.
"Banks are taking a balanced approach informed by economic data, which is consistent with legal and underwriting obligations to ensure credit lines match consumers' ability to repay," said Jeff Sigmund, a spokesman for the American Bankers Association.
"Lenders right now are really just trying to re-establish their footing," added Ted Rossman, industry analyst at CreditCards.com.
With a lower limit, consumers are more likely to use a greater percentage of their available credit each month (or debt-to-limit ratio), which has negative effects on their credit score and ability to borrow money.
The debt-to-limit ratio is calculated by dividing what consumers spend each month by their credit limit, and it's a key component of credit scores.
If your limit drops to $5,000 from $10,000 and you continue spending $2,000 a month, your debt-to-limit ratio immediately jumps from a favorable 20% to an unfavorable 40%. (The general rule of thumb is to keep this ratio under 30%.)
As a result, lenders may increase your APR or deny you a loan, even if you continue to pay your balance every month and never exceed your limit.
If you discover that your limit has been lowered, call and ask your issuer to raise it again. Alternatively, open another card to make up for the lost available credit, Schulz advised.
Many consumer banks are also offering temporary hardship assistance for those impacted by Covid-19, such as allowing customers to defer a card payment and waiving fees.