Pharmaceutical companies continue to make headlines as governments and investors hang their hopes on a steady recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic. Gilead Sciences CEO Daniel O'Day said Sunday the company would be donating its entire supply of remdesivir to treat coronavirus patients. Roche Chairman Christoph Franz said the drugmaker will invest more than $437 million in a German testing site. Another week of quarterly reports lies ahead, and more retail locations are reopening as U.S. states loosen lockdown restrictions.
All times below are in Eastern time.
The data above was compiled by Johns Hopkins University.
Craft breweries across California are suffering along with the rest of the food services industry, with many reporting a drop of 50% or more in revenue. But they're finding a lifeline in aluminum.
Breweries like Cellarmaker and ThirstyBear in San Francisco and Federation in Oakland are canning as much beer as possible so they can keep their hoppy ales from expiring in the tank and so they can sell four-packs curbside to consumers. The Can Van, a mobile canning service based in Sacramento, is as busy as ever, driving around the region to help breweries can hundreds of cases at a time.
It's no substitute for kegs, which is how breweries make the bulk of their money. But unable to sell kegs to bars and restaurants or to offer draft beers inside their taprooms, cans are their only option.
"It's can or die right now," said Connor Casey, co-owner of Cellarmaker, which owns House of Pizza in San Francisco in addition to its brewery. "There's not even a choice." —Ari Levy
United Airlines told employees in a memo that it expects a 30% cut in its management and administrative ranks starting in October, a company memo shows.
United accepted U.S. government payroll aid which bans job cuts until Sept. 30.
United released the following statement to CNBC:
"Travel demand is essentially zero for the foreseeable future and, even with federal assistance that covers a portion of our payroll expense through September 30, we anticipate spending billions of dollars more than we take in for the next several months, while continuing to employ 100% of our workforce. That's not sustainable for any company. And that's why we are doing everything we can to reduce costs in the near-term so we can bounce back quickly when demand starts to return and help ensure our company and the jobs it supports will be here when customers are flying again." —Phil LeBeau, Reuters
The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) estimates nearly 135,000 coronavirus deaths in the US through the beginning of August, citing the easing of lockdown orders as the main driver of the new number, Reuters reports.
The forecast from the IHME puts the U.S. death toll through early August at 134,475, the midrange between 95,092 and 242,890.
The new projections reflect reopening measures underway across the country and the increase of social contact between people that will increase transmission, the IHME said, according to Reuters.
"This new model is the basis for the sobering new estimate of U.S. deaths," IHME Director Christopher Murray said about the reopening measures, Reuters reported. —Chris Eudaily
Shake Shack, which regularly touts the quality of meat in its burgers, is facing rising beef costs due to meatpacking plant closures stemming from the coronavirus pandemic.
"Over the last month, we've seen significant increases in beef, with the largest increase being realized over the last week," CFO Tara Comonte said on the company's first-quarter earnings conference call, CNBC's Amelia Lucas reports.
Shake Shack's same-store sales tanked in March after social distancing measures and stay-at-home orders across the U.S. went into effect that disrupted consumers' regular spending habits. —Chris Eudaily
Those receiving SSI or VA benefits from the government, and have children under 17, will need to wait until tomorrow to file information to the IRS to make sure their family gets its full stimulus payment.
Millions of stimulus payments are currently being deployed to Americans, including checks of up to $1,200 for individuals or $2,400 for married couples, plus $500 per child under 17, based on family income. —Lori Konish
Economists are looking for new ways to measure a rebound from a deep recession, suggesting that the recovery will depend on individual psychology, overall consumer confidence, and also whether the government was successful enough in filling the income gap for the workers who lost their jobs.
"It's much more behavioral. It's not just driven by incomes. It's driven by fear," said Diane Swonk, chief economist at Grant Thornton. Economists have been looking to China as an example, since the disease started there. "Even a month after they reopened in Wuhan, people are still worried about going to public places and malls." —Patti Domm
California Gov. Gavin Newsom announced on Monday that some of the state's retailers, like those that sell clothes, books, sporting goods, toys and more, will be allowed to offer curb-side pickup starting Friday if they meet certain health guidelines set forth by stated officials later this week. His office later tweeted that this order would not include office spaces, dine-in restaurants and shopping malls yet.
Newsom also announced that individual counties that believe they have adequate testing and contact tracing capacity, proper sanitation practices and are able to provide security to those who are most vulnerable, including homeless, older citizens and the incarcerated, could begin moving even further into "phase two" of the state's reopening plan, which would include allowing some restaurants and businesses in the hospitality industry to reopen with modifications.
"This is a very positive sign and it has happened only for one reason: The data says it can happen," Newsom said at his daily press briefing. —Noah Higgings-Dunn
The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite posted an outsized gain in comparison, ending the session 1.2% higher. Read more on the markets from CNBC's Yun Li and Fred Imbert. —Sara Salinas
The humble personal computer is seeing a resurgence in the age of coronavirus. Time spent on Windows 10 is up some 75% year over year, Microsoft said.
The disclosure comes days after Apple said it saw a record Mac active installed base in the most recent quarter. —Jordan Novet
U.S. doctors are currently testing an influenza drug made by Fujifilm as a treatment for Covid-19. Tim Hornyak reports for CNBC that the drug, which is called favipiravir, has been shipped from Japan to 43 countries where it will be tested in clinical trials among patients with mild to moderate symptoms. Favipiravir previously saw promising results in a clinical trial in China where patients treated with the drug tested negative for Covid-19 after a median of four days. —Hannah Miller
USAA has observed an uptick in car crashes in recent weeks, although coronavirus-related business closures remained in place, CEO USAA CEO Wayne Peacock said on CNBC's "Squawk on the Street."
"The last couple of weeks we've seen a slight uptick in those rates, certainly not because stores are reopening," Peacock said, suggesting the rise could be attributable to "a spring fever or a cabin fever in the air."
USAA, like many auto insurers, saw declines in accident claims as stay-at-home orders went into effect across the U.S. Peacock said that on average, USAA saw 40% to 50% fewer crashes during stay-at-home orders from pre-lockdown levels. —Kevin Stankiewicz
"The increase in privately-held net marketable borrowing is primarily driven by the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, including expenditures from new legislation to assist individuals and businesses, changes to tax receipts including the deferral of individual and business taxes from April – June until July, and an increase in the assumed end-ofJune Treasury cash balance," the statement said. —Jeff Cox
The five games initially scheduled outside the U.S. for the 2020 National Football League season will be played domestically, the league announced.
"After considerable analysis, we believe the decision to play all our games domestically this season is the right one for our players, our clubs, and all our fans in the US, Mexico and UK," said Christopher Halpin, NFL executive vice president and chief strategy and growth officer.
The NFL had one game set for Mexico City and four in London for the International Series.
The Arizona Cardinals, Atlanta Falcons, Jacksonville Jaguars and Miami Dolphins were all set to be the "home" teams for the games and will now host the game at their own stadiums. —Chris Eudaily
The World Health Organization is planning to speak with the U.S. government and biotech firm Gilead Sciences on potentially making antiviral drug remdesivir more widely available to countries across the globe.
The Food and Drug Administration granted emergency use authorization for Gilead's drug to treat Covid-19 patients after results released last week from a U.S. government-run clinical trial showed some patients who took remdesivir recovered faster than those who didn't take the drug.
The drug has not been formally approved to treat the virus, and U.S. health officials caution new data on the drug has yet to be peer-reviewed. One top WHO official said he "welcomed" the recent data, adding there's "signals of hope there for the potential use of the drug." —Berkeley Lovelace Jr.
Apple and Google released sample code and screenshots of example software using the companies' contact tracing tools. The hope is this system can anonymously notify people who may have been infected with Covid-19 using Bluetooth signals from other phones.
Although the screenshots and code are not an example of the exact software that public health authorities will use, it's a base for them to start without building an entire software program from scratch. Take a look at the screenshots here. —Kif Leswing
Tyson Foods warned of more disruptions to its meat supply chain, despite an executive order from President Donald Trump to keep plants open.
Tyson executives said that U.S. hog processing capacity has been nearly cut in half as the coronavirus closes slaughterhouses.
Trump deemed meat processing plants as critical infrastructure and ordered them to keep operations running under the Defense Production Act in an effort to protect the country's food supply and workers.
Tyson has already faced hurdles with reduced demand from restaurants and with hundreds of workers testing positive for the coronavirus. Those challenges will continue into the coming months, Tyson said. —Amelia Lucas, Sara Salinas
Long wait times. Out-of-stock items. Incomplete orders.
The sudden popularity of online grocery shopping is not only frustrating customers and challenging grocers. It's also inspiring more grocery-related venture capital deals, FreshDirect co-founder and former CEO Jason Ackerman said.
"I'm seeing more deals in online grocery... than I've ever seen before," he said.
Ackerman said he's spoken to many grocery chains that can't keep up with the demand for online grocery pickup and delivery. "Over time, that will wear on customers," he said.
He said the struggles have highlighted the need for more investments in infrastructure that speeds up order fulfillment, lowers costs for grocers and improves the experience for customers. —Melissa Repko
New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said that the daily number of hospitalizations and new deaths related to Covid-19 are declining, suggesting the state is on "the other side of the mountain." However, he added that officials are not seeing as steep of a decline as they hoped.
New York's so-called pause order ends on May 15, but local governments will need to show they meet the criteria before social distancing restrictions can be lifted, such as ensuring adequate health-care capacity, diagnostic testing capacity, a lower rate of new infections and the ability to conduct contact tracing.
The state reported 9,647 total hospitalizations on Sunday, down from 9,786, Cuomo said. An additional 226 people died from Covid-19 on Sunday, he said, which makes four consecutive days that daily figure has been below 300. The last time the number of deaths was below 300 was on March 31.
"You see that mountain that we went up, now we're on the other side of the mountain. You start to see the shape of the mountain, unfortunately, the decline from the mountain is not as steep as the incline," Cuomo said while referencing a chart of total hospitalizations in the state related to Covid-19. —Noah Higgins-Dunn
New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy announced that the state's schools will remain closed for the remainder of the academic year to prevent further spread of the coronavirus.
"As I have noted before, we are working with the principle that public health creates economic health, or in this case, public health creates educational health," Murphy said during his daily press briefing, The governor and the Department of Education have not made a decision on summer programs.
The announcement comes after New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said last week that schools and colleges in his state will be closed for the rest of the academic year.
New Jersey reported 1,621 new coronavirus cases, bringing the total to 128,269. The state also reported 45 new deaths for a total of 7,910. —Jasmine Kim
The Food and Drug Administration said it is tightening rules for antibody tests after it became aware of "a concerning number" of tests performing poorly or being marketed inappropriately.
Manufacturers will need to submit emergency use authorization forms and data proving the tests work within 10 days or face possible removal. So far, 12 antibody tests have been authorized by the FDA for emergency use, and more than 250 tests are currently the subject of a pre-EUA or EUA review, FDA Commissioner Stephen Hahn told reporters Monday.
Antibody tests can indicate whether a person has had Covid-19 in the past and was either asymptomatic or recovered. U.S. officials and businesses have been pouring money into antibody testing, hoping it will give people the confidence to return to work and reopen parts of the economy. —Berkeley Lovelace Jr., Will Feuer
Tim Bray, a senior software engineer and vice president at Amazon Web Services, resigned from the company, citing Amazon's move to fire outspoken critics of its labor practices.
In a blog post, Bray said his last day at the company was May 1. He said he strongly disagreed with Amazon's decision to fire several workers who criticized the company's climate stance and, most recently, its treatment of warehouse workers amid the coronavirus.
"I quit in dismay at Amazon firing whistleblowers who were making noise about employees frightened of Covid-19," Bray wrote, adding that "remaining an Amazon VP would have meant, in effect, signing off on actions I despised. So I resigned."
Amazon warehouse workers and corporate employees have participated in a string of protests over the past few months to call for the company to better protect workers. The workers want Amazon to shut down facilities where there are positive cases and provide paid sick leave, among other things.
Amazon has previously said it has gone to "great lengths" to keep facilities clean and make sure employees are following the necessary precautions. In the company's latest earnings report, Amazon said it would invest its expected $4 billion second-quarter profit in coronavirus-related efforts, such as purchasing additional safety gear for workers and building out its coronavirus testing capabilities. —Annie Palmer
Automakers with plants in southern states are reopening and slowly beginning to produce vehicles.
Daimler started to produce Mercedes-Benz models last week in Alabama and on Monday BMW confirmed the reopening of its plant in South Carolina.
Hyundai Motor and Kia Motors, which operate separately in the U.S. but have the same South Korean parent company, also confirmed they reopened plants Monday in Alabama and Georgia, respectively.
The facilities, according to the automakers, have implemented new and increased safety and sanitization protocols in an attempt to lower the spread of Covid-19. They also are not operating at normal levels.
Other automakers such as Toyota Motor are expected to begin reopening their plants in the coming weeks. General Motors, Ford Motor and Fiat Chrysler are among the automakers to not yet announce a restart date following delays to previous restart dates. —Michael Wayland
New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio announced that the city will give away 7.5 million face coverings, free of charge, to residents at local parks, grocery stores and other city locations.
New Yorkers have "overwhelmingly" complied with the Gov. Andrew Cuomo's executive order requiring all residents to wear a face covering when in public, but the city is going to step in to further provide face coverings to people who may not have the means to obtain one, de Blasio said.
The free face coverings the city plans to distribute effective immediately will not be non-medical and won't be the same masks used by health-care workers, however, they will still be reusable and effective as long as they remain dry, he said. —Noah Higgins-Dunn, Jasmine Kim
Carnival Cruise Line said it will resume North American service on August 1, becoming the first major cruise line to restart operations as the pandemic continues to spread.
Attention will be focused on bookings for the early cruises as analysts and industry insiders contemplate how resilient the demand for cruising is after multiple ships became the sites of Covid-19 outbreaks that infected thousands and killed dozens.
Jackie Ceren, a travel agent based out of Florida, said she has clients who have been waiting to book for weeks. However, she has doubts about whether the U.S. has contained the virus and whether the company will be able to sail come August.
"It's going to all depend on what's happening with this virus. I do have people waiting. People do really want to get back on ships," she said. "But if people book and they end up having to cancel these cruises, no one's going to be happy. [Carnival is] making it worse, I think." —Will Feuer
Salesforce announced a handful of new tools aimed at helping businesses and community leaders reopen safely amid the coronavirus pandemic.
The tools, available on Work.com, will include items such as contact tracing, a resource center and a system to manage employee shifts to adhere to social distancing.
"We are capturing the best advice, the best words from doctors and tremendous business organizations who are telling businesses of safe ways to reopen," Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff told CNBC's "Squawk on the Street." "When we go back to work there's things we're going to have to do differently." —Jessica Bursztynsky
Dr. Scott Gottlieb told CNBC's "Squawk Box" that he does not trust the results from a single Covid-19 antibody test. Concerned about rates of false positives, the former FDA chief said he recommends people take multiple tests to ensure accuracy.
"Quite frankly, if it was me, I would repeat it three times," said Gottlieb, a CNBC contributor who sits on the boards of Pfizer and biotech company Illumina. "I know they're expensive but I wouldn't put confidence in any one test." —Kevin Stankiewicz
Home improvement retailer Lowe's is handing out a second round of bonuses to employees helping customers stock up on supplies for home repairs and do-it-yourself projects during the pandemic.
The company said it'll spend $80 million on special payments to its hourly employees. All full-time hourly employees will get a $300 payment and part-time and seasonal employees will get $150. It gave similar special payments to employees in late March.
Starting Monday, Lowe's said it will require all employees to wear a mask or face covering while working at stores and visiting customers' homes. It is providing masks and gloves to employees.
Lowe's is one of the retailers that's kept stores open during the pandemic as an essential retailer. In an interview with CNBC in late March, CEO Marvin Ellison said customers have turned to the company as they replace appliances, do DIY projects, or buy other items that help them during extended stays at home, such as larger freezers or new water heaters. —Melissa Repko
Nearly three-fourths of small business owners say the Covid-19 outbreak will likely have permanent effects on the way they run their businesses, according to the CNBC|SurveyMonkey Small Business Survey.
"Most small businesses were in rapid growth mode in January. ... 2019 was roaring for lots of small businesses," said Marilyn Landis, who runs small business consulting firm Basic Business Concepts.
The pandemic — and the shelter-in-place orders that followed — quickly put the brakes on that business boom. CNBC's Eric Rosenbaum reports the survey found that 62% of small business owners said demand for their products and services has fallen in the past two months, with 42% saying demand decreased "a lot." —Terri Cullen
Grocery workers across the country may soon have an easier time getting coronavirus testing.
Kroger said it's expanding employees' access to Covid-19 testing by providing employees with free self-administered kits or an appointment at one of its drive-thrus, if they have symptoms or medical need. Kroger is the parent company of many grocery chains, including Fred Meyer and Fry's, and has more than 460,000 employees.
As grocery workers continue to stock shelves, check out customers, or fulfill online orders during the pandemic, some have gotten sick and died. Grocers have announced a growing number of safety measures to try to prevent the spread of the virus in stores, such as providing masks for workers, installing Plexiglass dividers, and encouraging social distancing with signs. A major grocery union also encouraged shoppers to wear masks and limit trips to the store. —Melissa Repko
General Electric's aviation unit plans to slash its workforce by 25% this year as the coronavirus pandemic threatens demand for new aircraft. The 13,000 job cuts will be permanent and include involuntary measures and voluntary ones like early retirements.
General Electric is doubly exposed to the aviation slump through both the GE Aviation manufacturing arm and its leasing unit, one of the largest aircraft lessors in the world.
"To protect our business, we have responded with difficult cost-cutting actions over the last two months. Unfortunately, more is required as we scale the business to the realities of our commercial market," David Joyce, CEO of that GE unit, told employees in a memo. —Melodie Warner
Airline shares were the biggest losers in the S&P 500, with Delta, United, American Airlines all losing more than 12%. The declines came after Warren Buffett said over the weekend his Berkshire Hathaway sold all of its airline holdings because of the coronavirus outbreak. —Melodie Warner
More than 30 million small businesses — the lifeblood of the U.S. economy — are on the ropes amid the coronavirus pandemic, and the government loan programs designed to help them aren't doing the job, a CNBC/SurveyMonkey Small Business Survey found.
The $660 billion Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), part of the CARES Act, was meant to provide a lifeline for businesses suffering through the economic shutdown, but only 13% of respondents who applied for PPP were able to obtain loans, the survey found. Among all respondents, just 7% have already received financing and 18% are still waiting for a response from a lender.
CNBC's Lori Ioannou delves into the reasons behind the struggles small businesses are having in trying to obtain financial support. —Terri Cullen
Most states have already closed public schools through the remainder of the academic year. Of those that haven't, no state has set a date to reopen them.
Reopening schools is arguably the most essential complication to overcome for an economic recovery as many parents simply can't go back to work if their children are still home. Unless plans are thoughtful and nearly foolproof, parents won't be comfortable putting their children at risk.
The United Federation of Teachers union, which represents more than 140,000 teachers and other school employees in New York City, has started an online petition addressed to the federal government demanding certain requirements are met before schools can reopen. They include widespread testing, temperature checks upon entering schools, rigorous cleaning protocols, and a procedure for tracing people who have been in close physical contact with anyone who has tested positive for the virus. —Melodie Warner
Speaking to CNBC Monday, Head of Global Foreign Exchange Strategy David Bloom outlined the bank's game plan in the event of L-, U- and V-shaped recoveries, emphasizing that analysts should be making plans for all eventualities.
In a U-shaped scenario, the economy fails to respond immediately to exits from lockdowns around the world, but the expectation for a delayed rebound remains in place with multiple "false dawns," Bloom suggested, causing a "jagged bottom" to the U curve. —Melodie Warner
Clothing apparel company J.Crew filed for bankruptcy protection, making it the first major retail bankruptcy of the coronavirus pandemic. The New York-based retailer had already been struggling under a heavy debt load and sales challenges.
The company said it reached a deal with stakeholders to convert $1.65 billion of its debt to equity. It also secured $400 million in financing from existing lenders Anchorage Capital Group, GSO Capital Partners, and Davidson Kempner Capital Management to help fund operations through bankruptcy. —Melodie Warner
Tyson Foods reported a fiscal second-quarter decline in net income of 15% year over year, sending the company's shares down 5% in premarket trading.
Tyson temporarily closed plants amid the Covid-19 outbreak after hundreds of workers tested positive for the virus. The company expects higher production costs and lower productivity as it attempts to ramp back up. Read more about Tyson's fiscal second quarter and coronavirus response from CNBC's Amelia Lucas. —Sara Salinas
People who have recovered from Covid-19 are "very likely" to be immune to the virus, according to Roche CEO Severin Schwan.
"We know from other coronaviruses that it's very likely as soon as you have gone through an infection you will also acquire immunity," he said on CNBC's "Squawk Box Europe," adding that more research is needed. "We need studies to really see whether those people who have been infected once are subject to reinfection. But there's a high likelihood that this will be the case." —Chloe Taylor
Swiss drugmaker Roche will invest more than 400 million euros ($437 million) in a German testing site, according to Reuters. Roche Chairman Christoph Franz said the investment will include making antibody tests in order to detect people who have already been infected with the virus and recovered.
Franz said the drugmaker will invest in its biochemical production facility in Penzberg, as well as in additional diagnostics research and development, Reuters reported. —Sara Salinas
The reproduction rate of the coronavirus in Germany is currently estimated at 0.74 on average, Health Minister Jens Spahn said, Reuters reported.
The reproduction rate refers to how many people could be expected to be infected by someone with the virus, on average. Health authorities want to keep that number below 1 so the spread of the virus gradually slows. —Holly Ellyatt
The number of deaths from the coronavirus in Spain reached 25,428, up from 25,264 the previous day, its health ministry said. That marks a daily increase of 164 deaths.
Spain has recorded 218,011 cases of the virus, the second-highest total from any country, after the U.S. —Holly Ellyatt
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has decided to extend Japan's state of emergency to May 31.
Abe said he will consider lifting the emergency without waiting for its May 31 expiration if experts decide is possible based on regional infection trends, according to Reuters. —Holly Ellyatt
Activity in the euro zone's manufacturing sector contracted at a record rate in April with Covid-19 related measures impacting heavily on demand and production, a survey showed.
IHS Markit's Purchasing Managers' Index for manufacturing fell to 33.4 in April from 44.5 in March, the final PMI data showed Monday. It's slightly lower than preliminary data estimating a decline to 33.6. The 50-point mark separates monthly expansion from contraction.
"Below the earlier flash reading, the latest PMI was the lowest ever recorded by the series (which began in June 1997), surpassing readings seen during the depths of the global financial crisis and indicative of a considerable deterioration in operating conditions," IHS Markit said.
"Output, new orders, export sales, and purchasing activity all fell at record rates, whilst supply-side constraints intensified to an unprecedented extent. Confidence about the future sank to a fresh series low." —Holly Ellyatt
The number of new cases in Russia has risen by 10,581 over the past 24 hours, its crisis response center said. That compares to a daily increase of 10,633 that was recorded on Sunday.
Russia's total number of cases has reached 145,268 and it has recorded 1,356 deaths. Russia has now become the seventh-worst-hit country in terms of infections, Johns Hopkins University data shows. Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin was diagnosed with the coronavirus just last week. —Holly Ellyatt
Read CNBC's coverage from CNBC's Asia-Pacific and Europe teams overnight here: Russia sees over 10,000 new cases; Euro zone manufacturing slumps in April