CNBC Disruptor 50

A look back at the CNBC Disruptor 50: 8 years, 209 companies

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2019 may have been most notable for the Disruptor 50 company that failed to go public (The We Company), but several high-profile Disruptor IPOs were successfully brought to market (Peloton, Casper, Progyny, The RealReal). Some of those deals, like at-home fitness company Peloton, look prescient in the coronavirus-changed world, while DoorDash filed an initial draft IPO document shortly before stay-at-home orders made its business boom like never before.

A total of 65 of the 209 companies named to the CNBC Disruptor 50 list over the past eight years have become public companies through an IPO or direct listing (a few have been acquired since). In all, 34 past Disruptors have been acquired by large public incumbents, including deals made by dominant technology companies, such as Facebook and Alphabet, and in the past year alone by Microsoft, Hewlett Packard, Verizon and American Express.

Eight past Disruptors have ceased operations — no surprise in the high-risk world of venture capital investing and start-up formation.

Below is the complete history of the CNBC Disruptor 50, with details on each of the 209 start-ups to make the list between 2013 and 2020. Read more about the 2020 CNBC Disruptor 50 list and how we chose it.

KEY:
I = ineligible due to company age
A = acquired
P = public
X = shut down

*In 2013 the CNBC Disruptor 50 was an unranked list.

Company 2020 rank 2019 rank 2018 rank 2017 rank 2016 rank 2015 rank 2014 rank 2013 made the list* Material changes
23andMe-467125--YesAnnounced plans to merge with VG Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), in February 2021
3D Robotics-------Yes-
AdyenPP16-----IPO on June 13, 2018
AereoXXXXXX7YesBankrupt as of November 21, 2014; It was later purchased by DVR company TiVo for $1 million in March 2015
Affirm2333------IPO on January 13, 2021
Airbnb417312541YesIPO on December 10, 2020
Airtable-36-------
AngelList------26--
Apeel344848------
ApptioAAPP--30-IPO on September 23, 2016; Acquired by Vista Equity Partners November 11, 2018
AtlassianPPPPP--YesIPO on December 10, 2015
Attabotics38--------
Audax HealthAAAAAAAYesAcquired by United Health Care on February 19, 2014
Auris HealthAA46-----Acquired by Johnson & Johnson on February 12, 2019
Beautycounter48-------Acquired by The Carlyle Group on April 13, 2021
Better.com15-------Announced plans to merge with Aurora Acquisitions Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), in May 2021
Betterment-----3645--
Bill.comP-----37-IPO on December 12, 2019
Birchbox-----4350--
BlipparXX-30919--Entered into administration in UK court and laid off all employees on December 18, 2018; Its assets were later acquired by Candy Capital in January 2019
Bloom EnergyPP-2363--IPO on July 25, 2018
Blue ApronPPP42----IPO on June 29, 2017
BokuPPP----YesIPO on November 20, 2017
BoxPPPPPP-YesIPO on January 23, 2015
BrightRollAAAAAA27-Acquired by Yahoo on November 11, 2014
BromiumA------YesAcquired by HP on September 19, 2019
Butterfly Network32-------IPO on February 19, 2021 via a merger with Longview Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)
BuzzFeed-------Yes-
C3.ai375032-----IPO on December 9, 2020; Formerly known as C3 IoT
CasperP8------IPO on February 6, 2020
Castlight HealthPPPPPPPYesIPO on March 17, 2014
ChargePoint ------12-IPO on March 1, 2021 via a merger with Switchback Energy Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)
Chime25--------
CircleUp-------Yes-
CLEAR3922-------
ClouderaPPPP14---IPO on April 28, 2017
CloudFlareP---24---IPO on September 13, 2019
Cohesity-32-------
Coinbase--10--3135-Direct stock listing on April 14, 2021
Convoy4711-------
Cool Planet Energy Systems------25--
Coupang2-------IPO on March 11, 2021
Coursera421422610---IPO on March 31, 2021
CrowdStrikeP-2711----IPO on June 12, 2019
CylanceAA-940---Acquired by Blackberry on November 16, 2018
DAQRIX---15---Shut down in September 2019
Darktrace--34-----IPO on April 30, 2021
Databricks36--------
Dataminr----43-13--
Dave26--------
Deezer----36----
Diamond Foundry----33----
Didi Chuxing3024------
DocuSignPPP39-1329-IPO on April 27, 2018
Dollar Shave ClubAAAA-37--Acquired by Unilever on July 19, 2016
DomoPP-29----IPO on June 29, 2018
DoorDash1218------IPO on December 9, 2020
DraftKingsP----45--IPO on April 24, 2020 via a merger with SBTech and Diamond Eagle Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)
DrawbridgeA-4024----Acquired by Microsoft/LinkedIn May 29, 2019
DropboxPPP3642624YesIPO on March 23, 2018
Duolingo422835------
Eat JUST21----2436-Formerly known as Hampton Creek Foods
EcoMotorsXXX---22-Shut down in September 2017
Ellevest-4524------
EtsyPPPPPP3YesIPO on April 1, 2015
Ezetap--19163----
Fanatics-2545------
Flexport-24-------
Flirtey--29------
Fon------40-Ineligible due to age beginning in 2021
Foursquare---46---Yes-
FullscreenAAAAAA21-Acquired by Otter Media/Chernin Group/AT&T on September 22, 2014
GENBANDAAA--22--Merged with Sonus Networks on May 23, 2017
Getaround-------Yes-
Ginger.io-------Yes-
Ginkgo Bioworks44192177---Announced plans to merge with Soaring Eagle Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), in May 2021
GitHubAA492248206-Acquired by Microsoft on June 4, 2018
Gojek10--------
goPuff22--------
GoodRx206------IPO on September 23, 2020
Grab16464----Announced plans to merge with Altimeter Growth Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), in April 2021
GreenSkyPP-17----IPO on May 24, 2018
Guild Education45--------
Gusto-----26--Formerly known as ZenPayroll
HackerRank-----30---
Heal13--------
Healthy.io19-------
Hearsay Social-----39---
HotelTonightAA-----YesAcquired by Airbnb on March 7, 2019
Houzz-433161111---
HumacyteII--37---Ineligible due to age beginning in 2019
IEX---21-----
Illumio--4432-----
Impossible Foods4927---42---
Indigo Agriculture3118------
InMobi-1241------
INRIXI------YesIneligible due to age beginning in 2020
Instacart----50----
Intarcia TherapeuticsII---29--Ineligible due to age beginning in 2019
JauntA--2547---Acquired by Verizon on September 30, 2019
KabamAAAA---YesAcquired by Netmarble on January 25, 2017
Kabbage2414--35---Acquired by American Express on August 17, 2020
K Health35--------
Kickstarter------49Yes-
Klarna5---833--Ineligible due to age beginning in 2021
Kumu Networks------44--
Kymeta------46Yes-
LanzaTech431526-13---Ineligible due to age beginning in 2021
Lemonade1737------IPO on July 2, 2020
Lending ClubPPPPPP33YesIPO on December 11, 2014
LightSail EnergyXXX----YesShut down in January 2018
LISNR-4122-4512---
LiveUA------YesAcquired by Francisco Partners and Industrial Growth Partners on May 28, 2019
Luminar--47-----IPO December 3, 2020 via a merger with Gores Metropoulos, a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)
LyftPP5227---IPO on March 29, 2019
MakerBotAAAAAAAYesAcquired by Stratasys on June 19, 2013
Marqeta33--------
Medium----26----
MicroSeismicII-----YesIneligible due to age beginning in 2019
Moderna TherapeuticsPP-184118-IPO on December 7, 2018
MongoDBPPP27192742-IPO on October 19, 2017
Motif InvestingA---44234-Acquired by Charles Schwab on May 7, 2020
Movandi14--------
Narrative Science-----46---
Nauto-40-------
NebulaXXXXXX31-Shut down on April 1, 2015
Nest LabsAAAAAAAYesAcquired by Google on January 13, 2014
Neteera9--------
NexmoAAAAA-39-Acquired by Vonage on May 5, 2016
Nextdoor-----49---
Niantic-38------
NutanixPPPP-44--IPO on September 30, 2016
OktaPPPP38---IPO on April 7, 2017
Opendoor-35------IPO on December 21, 2020 via a merger with Social Capital Hedosophia II, a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)
OpowerAAAAAPPYesIPO on April 4, 2014; Acquired by Oracle on May 1, 2016
OptoroI----38--Ineligible due to age beginning in 2020
Oscar Health--12-171743-IPO on March 3, 2021
OUYAAAAAA--YesAcquired by Razer on July 28, 2015
PalantirI34338475YesDirect stock listing on September 30, 2020
Payoneer--1340----Announced plans to merge with FTAC Olympus Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), in February 2021
PelotonP920-----IPO on September 26, 2019
Persado---48-----
Personal Capital-----1817-Acquired by Empower Retirement on August 18, 2020
Phononic-17-3318----
PicarroII-----YesIneligible due to age beginning in 2019
PinterestPP3631463532YesIPO on April 18, 2019
ProgynyP301513----IPO on October 25, 2019
Pure StoragePPPPP1619-IPO on October 6, 2015
QualtricsAA-28----Acquired by SAP on November 12, 2018; IPO on January 28, 2021
Qubole-----48--Acquired by Idera on October 9, 2020
QuidA--50----Merged with Netbase and began operating under the combined name ""Netbase Quid"" on January 28, 2020
QuirkyXXXXX1518YesBankrupt as of September 22, 2015
RedfinPPP---34-IPO on July 28, 2017
Rent the Runway-59--2838Yes-
Rethink RoboticsXX-----YesShut down in October 2018
Ripple28--------
Robinhood46473843-----
Root Insurance18-------IPO on October 28, 2020
SentinelOne31--------
Shape SecurityA-----23-Acquired by F5 Networks on January 24, 2020
Shapeways-------Yes-
ShopifyPPPPPP-YesIPO on May 21, 2015
SimpliVityAAAA22---Acquired by Hewlett Packard Enterprise on January 17, 2017
Skillz-31-41----IPO on December 16, 2020 via a merger with Flying Eagle Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC)
Skybox ImagingAAAAAA14-Acquired by Google on June 10, 2014
SlackP---239--Direct stock listing on June 20, 2019; Acquired by Salesforce on December 1, 2020
SnapPPPP165048-IPO on March 2, 2017; Formerly known as Snapchat
Snowflake40-------IPO on September 16, 2020
SoFi82650454925--Announced plans to merge with Social Capital Hedosophia II, a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), in January 2021
SpaceXII1143021YesIneligible due to age beginning in 2019
SparkCognition---20-----
SpotifyPPP3525479YesDirect stock listing on April 3, 2018
SquarePPPPP40-YesIPO on November 19, 2015
Stripe113434929-15--
SugarCRMAA---32--Acquired by Accel/KKR on August 15, 2018
SurveyMonkeyPP14153214--IPO on September 26, 2018
Synack-42-382021---
TALA29--------
Teespring----21----
Tempus6--------
Textio-16-------
The RealRealP-17-----IPO on June 28, 2019
THINX--37------
Trulioo27--37-----
TumblrAAAAAAAYesAcquired by Yahoo on May 20, 2013; Sold to Automattic on August 12, 2019
TwilioPPPP394147YesIPO on June 23, 2016
TwitterPPPPPPPYesIPO on November 7, 2013
UberPP2191410YesIPO on May 10, 2019
Udacity--81012----
UiPath50-------IPO on April 21, 2021
Uptake-49395-----
Veniam---3428----
Veritas Genetics-4430------
Virta Health-29-------
Warby Parker---47-102Yes-
WazeAAAAAAAYesAcquired by Google on June 11, 2013
Wealthfront-----3420Yes-
The We Company-323334---Formerly known as WeWork; Announced plans to merge with BowX Acquisition Corp., a special purpose acquisition company (SPAC), in March 2021
WeLab11--------
WhatsAppAAAAAAAYesAcquired by Facebook on February 19, 2014
Wise-2311--816-Formerly known as TransferWise
Xant.aiI---31---Ineligible due to age beginning in 2020; Formerly known as InsideSales.com
Xiaohongshu-10-------
XiaomiPP28-----IPO on July 9, 2018
YextPPPP--28-IPO on April 13, 2017
YITU Technology-20-------
Zipline73925-----Formerly known as Zipline International
ZocDocII-44---YesIneligible due to age beginning in 2019
ZuoraPPP---11-IPO on April 12, 2018