- The new evictions ban from the federal government is unprecedented, and questions abound.
- Are you eligible? What if you live in a state that already had an eviction moratorium in place? What will happen when the protection lifts?
- CNBC interviewed housing experts to try to get answers to some of these questions.
In an unprecedented move last week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention made it illegal for landlords across the U.S. to evict tenants who can't afford to pay their rent.
The ban could prevent up to 40 million Americans from losing their homes amid the coronavirus pandemic.
Because the action is so new and has little precedent, questions abound.
Are you eligible? What if you live in a state that already had an eviction moratorium in place? What will happen when the protection lifts?
CNBC interviewed housing experts to try to get answers to some of these questions.
It bans evictions due to nonpayment of rent in most residential properties between Sept. 4 and Dec. 31.
You'll need to attest on a declaration form that you expect to earn less than $99,000 a year in 2020 (for couples, less than $198,000), that you have received a stimulus check or that you weren't required to pay income taxes in 2019.
You'll also need to confirm that you tried to get any available government housing assistance, that you're unable to make rent due to "substantial loss of household income," a layoff or extraordinary out-of-pocket medical expenses, that being evicted would require you to double up with others or become homeless and that you promise to make partial payments to the best of your ability.
It doesn't appear that documentation will be required.
If renters meet the above requirements, they'll have to sign a declaration form and give it to their landlord. You should try to give the form to your landlord in person. Make sure to keep a copy for yourself.
"If a tenant cannot pay the rent, they should provide the declaration to their property owner as soon as possible," said Emily Benfer, an eviction expert and visiting professor of law at Wake Forest University.
If your landlord ignores the ban after you've given them the declaration, immediately seek legal help.
Sometimes the paperwork you receive with your hearing date will have the contact information for legal services in your area. If not, you should be able to find your agency online, said Alexis Erkert, a lawyer at Southeast Louisiana Legal Services.
"The court may also be able to give people contact information," Erkert said.
You can find low-cost or free legal help regarding an eviction in your state at Lawhelp.org.
The CDC bans "any action to effectuate an eviction for non-payment of rent," Benfer said.
Therefore, if you're in the process of being evicted for that reason, you should now be able to stay in your home through the end of the year.
Around 10 states have eviction protections that are even more comprehensive than the CDC's, Benfer said.
The nationwide action doesn't change your local laws, Benfer said. Those are still in place.
For example, while the CDC's moratorium doesn't prevent landlords from charging late fees, that practice is prohibited in New York. The CDC's policy doesn't stop property owners from reporting your nonpayment to the credit scoring companies, but a statewide rule in Connecticut does.
You can find out what local policies apply to you on the Eviction Lab's website.
Yes. The CDC's order doesn't relieve you of your obligation to pay rent.
You want to try your hardest to keep up with your bills during the Covid-19 pandemic to avoid racking up debt and being evicted come January.
At Justshelter.org, you can search for community resources for people struggling to pay their rent.
Some states and cities have funds allocated to help people stay in their homes. Arizona earmarked $5 million for that purpose. Residents in Delaware can apply for up to $1,500 in rental assistance. Similar relief measures were made available to those in Montana, Ohio, Iowa and New York.
Look for and apply for any available assistance in your area.
Meanwhile, many landlords are showing a willingness to work with tenants who ask for payment plans, experts say.
At that time, you'll likely be asked by your landlord to pay any past-due rent. If you don't do so, you could face eviction.