- A second round of $1,200 stimulus checks was one form of aid both sides of the aisle in Congress could agree on.
- Yet Congress remains stalemated on other relief issues and those payments could get sidelined, at least for now.
- Americans' financial needs could force politicians back to the negotiating table.
- Meanwhile, experts say the demand for additional aid continues to grow.
While negotiations over the next coronavirus stimulus bill have carried on for months, there has been one certainty: Democrats, Republicans and President Donald Trump have all backed sending out a second round of $1,200 stimulus checks.
But now it's not certain those payments will go out after all.
The Senate failed to move a Republican bill forward on Thursday that included about $500 billion in new aid. The bill did not receive the 60 votes needed to pass in the Senate, with the chamber split 52-47. All Senate Democrats who were present and one Republican, Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky, voted against the bill.
The plan called for additional aid for small businesses and would have provided $300 per week in enhanced unemployment insurance benefits.
However, another round of stimulus checks, which would cost about $300 billion, were not in the proposal. It also excluded aid to state and local governments, rental and mortgage assistance and additional food support.
Some observers say it's an indication that the stalemate in Washington could continue.
"At least today, I'm not getting good vibrations about any kind of agreement until after the election," said Bill Hoagland, senior vice president at the Bipartisan Policy Center and a former Senate staff member.
"Unless something were to break, and pressure really builds, it's going to be extremely difficult to find a package," Hoagland said.
The one area where Congress could be forced to act is money for extended unemployment insurance, Hoagland said.
Right now, enhanced federal unemployment benefits have continued, although in smaller amounts, due to an executive order signed by Trump last month.
While most states have agreed to offer the enhanced benefits, the money for those payments ultimately comes from the Federal Emergency Management Agency. But the approximately $44 billion in funding that the agency has available is running dry, Hoagland said, as it is also used for wildfires and hurricanes hitting certain parts of the U.S.
"If the FEMA money is gone, you're going to cut off even the $300 that's being made available now," Hoagland said. "That may be the only spark I see that would energize both Republicans and Democrats to do something, maybe before the end of the month."
Lawmakers ceded one key area of leverage last week when both parties agreed on a continuing resolution to fund the government into the new fiscal year, which begins on Oct. 1, Hoagland said.
Now that the two efforts are not paired, politicians no longer have an incentive to come up with an agreement on stimulus aid.
Many polls show that Americans are in favor of second stimulus checks, said Natalie Foster, co-chair of the Economic Security Project, a proponent of so-called guaranteed income.
Moreover, multiple bills have been proposed in Congress to provide monthly income to Americans until the pandemic is over.
Critics argue that sending checks to Americans broadly does not target aid at those who are hurting most.
Foster said that's the only way to get financial aid to Americans fast as unemployment benefits face many administrative hurdles and delays.
"Direct checks are the most effective, fastest way to support American families," Foster said "In the last six months, we received one $1,200 payment, which is not enough."
The first round of $1,200 payments reached 160 million people in two months, which is "impressive," Foster said.
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Many Americans, particularly those who do not typically file taxes because they have low incomes, are still waiting for those first payments. The IRS is making efforts to get money to those people.
"If we were to do regular checks, the IRS would get even better at issuing them," Foster said.
Whether that happens or not depends on Congress, which controls how money is distributed.
"There's still a lot of support for checks, and we could see it surge again next week," Foster said.
In the meantime, millions are still unemployed, while participation in food lines continues to grow around the country.
"People are hurting," Hoagland said. "It's just terrible that this all has to come down to politics.
"But that's where we are."