Personal Finance

Large employers, U.S. House staff, reject Trump’s payroll-tax deferral plan

Key Points
  • President Donald Trump called for a suspension of the 6.2% employees pay toward Social Security, running from Sept. 1 through the end of the year. Without forgiveness, the deferred money will be withheld from workers’ pay in early 2021.
  • Many large firms opting not to change their paycheck withholdings.
  • Many federal workers will participate, but employees working for the House of Representatives will not, according to an email from Philip G. Kiko, chief administrative officer of the House.
House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., holds her weekly press briefing on Capitol Hill on Aug. 13, 2020.
Jim Watson | AFP | Getty Images

A month after President Donald Trump unveiled his plan to give employers the option of deferring payroll taxes, no major private employer has stepped up to participate.

Firms opting not to change their paycheck withholdings include: Costco Wholesale Corp., the United Parcel Service, FedEx Corp., JPMorgan Chase & Co., Home Depot Inc., Wells Fargo and CVS Health, according to the Wall Street Journal and Bloomberg.

Even The U.S. House of Representatives won't be rolling out the payroll tax deferral to its employees. The Senate's still mulling it over.

Sept. 1 was the first day of President Donald Trump's order deferring the 6.2% employees pay toward Social Security. The so-called holiday, which applies to workers whose biweekly pay is below $4,000, is in effect until the end of the year.

The tax delay is only a deferral and not forgiveness. Congress would need to pass legislation in order to forgive the taxes.

Though private employers are expected to shy away from adopting the deferral due to its complexity, the federal government will be extending it to its employees, including military service members.  

Why businesses are sounding the alarm on the payroll tax proposal
Why businesses are sounding the alarm on the payroll tax proposal

Employees of the House, however,  won't be deferring their 6.2% share of Social Security taxes, according to an email to staffers from Philip Kiko, Chief Administrative Officer of the House.

The chief administrative officer handles a range of functions for House employees, including payroll administration and benefits.

"After reviewing the guidance and considering the unique structure of the House, the Office of the Chief Administrative Officer, with the concurrence of the Committee on House Administration, has determined that implementing the deferral would not be in the best interests of the House or our employees," Kiko wrote.

"As a result, we will not implement the payroll tax deferral."

Avoiding a surprise

If I get re-elected, I will be terminating the payroll tax: Trump
If I get re-elected, I will be terminating the payroll tax: Trump

Employers affected by the payroll tax deferral have the burden of withholding and remitting those delayed taxes to the IRS next year.

The taxes will be withheld from workers' paychecks ratably — or proportionally over time — from Jan. 1 through April 30, 2021.

For employees who participate, they'll see a 6.2% boost to pay this fall, but their pay will dip early next year as their employers recoup the deferred taxes from their compensation.

This is among the reasons that employers might be chilly toward putting the payroll tax suspension into effect.

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Though employers could opt into deferral, whether employees can opt out is ultimately up to the company they work for.

Military service members, for example, won't be able to drop out of the deferral if their wages meet the appropriate threshold, according to the Defense Finance and Accounting Service's website. This entity provides payroll services for the Department of Defense.

The House decision to skip the deferral arrives on the heels of a push among lawmakers to allow federal employees to opt out of the tax holiday.

"While some federal employees may want to defer their payroll tax payments, unions representing federal workers have made clear that many others do not," wrote Sen. Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., in a Sept. 8 letter to Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and Office of Management and Budget director Russell Vought.