China Economy

China's manufacturing sector expands for sixth straight month as pandemic fallout fades, private survey shows

Key Points
  • The Caixin/Markit Purchasing Managers' Index for Chinese manufacturing came in at 53.6 for October, better than the 53.0 forecast by analysts in a Reuters poll.
  • The latest reading was the highest since January 2011, the survey results showed.
  • Over the weekend, China said its official manufacturing PMI for October was 51.4 — the eighth consecutive month of expansion. Analysts polled by Reuters had expected a 51.3 reading.
Workers work at a vehicle chair manufacture factory in Lintong District of Xi'an, northwest China's Shaanxi Province.
Liu Xiao | Xinhua | Getty Images

China's factory activity expanded for the sixth straight month in October as business confidence grew to its strongest in years, a private survey showed on Monday.

The Caixin/Markit Purchasing Managers' Index for Chinese manufacturing came in at 53.6 for October, better than the 53.0 forecast by analysts in a Reuters poll. The latest reading was the highest since January 2011, the survey results showed.

PMI readings above 50 indicate expansion, while those below that signal contraction. PMI readings are sequential and indicate month-on-month expansion or contraction.

China's vast manufacturing industry has been recovering as the country's coronavirus outbreak appears largely under control. The October Caixin/Markit PMI showed that the country's manufacturing recovery has continued to pick up speed, said Wang Zhe, senior economist at Caixin Insight Group.

"To sum up, recovery was the word in the current macro economy, with the domestic epidemic under control," he said in a statement accompanying the data release.

"Manufacturing supply and demand improved at the same time. Enterprises were very willing to increase inventories. Prices tended to be stable. Business operations improved, and entrepreneurs were confident," he added.

The private survey followed the release of China's official manufacturing PMI over the weekend, which came in at 51.4 for October — the eighth consecutive month of expansion. Analysts polled by Reuters had expected a 51.3 reading.

The official PMI survey typically polls a large proportion of big businesses and state-owned companies. In comparison, the private Caixin/Markit survey features a bigger mix of small- and medium-sized firms.

External uncertainties

The latest Caixin/Markit survey showed that both demand and supply of Chinese manufacturing goods have continued to recover as "fallout from the Covid-19 pandemic faded," said Wang.

Still, companies have remained cautious about hiring, he noted. A full recovery in employment depends on "stronger and more-lasting business confidence," he said.

"As the economic indicators for consumption, investment and industrial output for September were generally better than expected, it is highly likely that the economic recovery will continue for the next several months," he explained.

"But there are still many uncertainties outside of China, so policymakers need to be cautious about normalizing postcoronavirus monetary and fiscal policies," he added.

Renewed Covid-19 outbreaks in Europe and the U.S. was one external uncertainty cited by Wang, which he said may have contributed to a weaker recovery in overseas demand for Chinese goods. That could weigh down Chinese exports in the coming months, he added.