World Economy

Credit stress hurts new money going into China's massive infrastructure project, says Moody's

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Key Points
  • In the first half of 2020, the value of Chinese-led new contracts and investments into countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative totaled $23.5 billion, Moody's said in a report.
  • That suggests that full-year volumes will fall "well short" of last year's $104.7 billion, the agency added.
  • The coronavirus pandemic has caused financial strains in many small economies participating in China's Belt and Road Initiative, it explained.

SINGAPORE — Investments in China's massive infrastructure project in 2020 could fall "well short" of last year's level as the coronavirus pandemic caused financial strains in participating countries, according to Moody's Investors Service.

The Belt and Road Initiative is an ambitious Chinese policy that started out focusing on building infrastructure networks connecting China to central Asia, Europe and Africa. It has since morphed into what some experts say is China's way of trying to influence technology and governance around the world.

Moody's estimates that the initiative now covers 139 countries.

Workers take down a Belt and Road Forum panel outside the venue of the forum in Beijing on April 27, 2019.
Greg Baker | AFP | Getty Images

In the first half of 2020, the value of Chinese-led new contracts and investments in BRI countries totaled $23.5 billion, the credit ratings agency said in a Monday report. That suggests that full-year volumes will fall short of last year's $104.7 billion, it added.

Such a decline is attributed to greater economic and financial pressure faced by participating countries, many of which are small economies with diminished abilities to take on new debt financing, said Michael Taylor, managing director and chief credit officer for Asia-Pacific at Moody's.

So certainly, this year, we've seen a rise in credit stress that we don't expect to go away in 2021.
Michael Taylor
chief credit officer for Asia-Pacific, Moody's

"Quite a number of those are relatively small and they tend to have quite concentrated economies, whether it's in commodities or tourism; some of them are also quite dependent on remittances — and each of those have been quite badly hit by coronavirus," Taylor told CNBC's "Squawk Box Asia" on Tuesday.

"So certainly, this year, we've seen a rise in credit stress that we don't expect to go away in 2021," he added.

The Moody's report said some BRI participating countries have sought financing support from the International Monetary Fund or debt relief from G-20 lenders, including China. Those countries include Pakistan, Zambia, Tanzania and Angola, the agency noted.

Credit strains and project delays facing those countries could also cause financial losses at Chinese entities with large BRI exposures, according to the report. Moody's named China Development Bank and Export-Import Bank of China as having "significant exposure" to projects under the initiative.

But overall damage, if any, will likely be manageable for the banks and other Chinese companies involved, said the agency.

'Increasingly green'

The pandemic's impact on the Belt and Road Initiative is likely to persist for years. Moody's estimated that fresh Chinese-led investment flows into participating countries may not return to levels seen in 2014-2019 in the next two years.

Still, Beijing wouldn't "reverse course" on its BRI strategy "given the considerable financial outlay and political capital that the country has invested in the initiative," the agency said.

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What is the Belt and Road Initiative?

There remains a "huge infrastructure financing need" across Asia, a gap which the China-led initiative can help to plug, Taylor told CNBC.

He added that more participating countries are likely to emphasize environmental sustainability in a post-pandemic world, so an increasing number of BRI projects will be focused on that.

The BRI is already becoming "increasingly green," Moody's said in its report. Renewable energy accounted for around 58% of new contract values in the first half of 2020 — climbing from 18.5% in 2014, the agency said.

"This trend will likely continue as BRI countries start to place a greater emphasis on low-carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure," read the report.