Small exporters, grape growers and regional communities are going to feel the brunt of China's decision to impose steep tariffs on Australian wine. That's according to Tony Battaglene, chief executive of Australian Grape and Wine, the national association of grape and wine producers.
China's commerce ministry on Friday announced preliminary anti-dumping duties ranging from 107% to 212% on Australian bottled wine imports, which went into effect the following day. That follows China's anti-dumping probe into wine imports from Australia earlier this year.
"It's going to have a devastating impact," Battaglene said Monday on CNBC's "Squawk Box Asia." He explained that larger Australian wine exporters who have diversified portfolios would likely be able to cope with China's decision even though they, too, would feel the pain.
"It's grape growers, it's regional communities and it's small exporters that have very little ability to adjust. They're the ones that are going to suffer," Battaglene said.
Getting into other markets on short notice is not easy as it takes time, relationships and money to develop those markets, he added. "We just don't have that. This is our peak time of export — 50% of our product goes into China in the last four months of the year. That's closed. So this product has nowhere else to go."
Battaglene dismissed Beijing's claims around dumping, stating that China is the "highest price-point market" for Australian wines, where exporters make more money in terms of dollar per liter value than anywhere else.
"We have higher margins in China, so we're clearly not dumping there. If anything, we are gouging. So it's clearly ridiculous and we just don't understand why you'd even suggest such a thing," he said.
China is the top wine export destination for Australia. It accounted for 39% of total exports for the 12 months ending September 2020, according to Wine Australia.
Many of the smaller wine exporters in Australia, especially those that exclusively export to China, are also funded by Chinese money, according to Battaglene. He explained that those exporters as well as importers in China are going to be just as affected by the tariffs.
Australia's trade minister Simon Birmingham on Monday told reporters that there is a range of processes to work through the disputes with Chinese agricultural officials, Chinese customs officials or ultimately the World Trade Organization.
"But we have also acknowledged that there is a cumulative effect of what's been with China, that series of individual actions that China has taken against Australian business throughout the course of this year is of concern," he said, adding that Australia remains ready for a dialogue with China to try and resolve the issue.
On Friday, Australia's agriculture minister David Littleproud tweeted that the Canberra government is "extremely disappointed" in China's decision to impose preliminary tariffs on Australian wine.
"The fact is Australia produces amongst the least subsidised product in the world and provides the second lowest level of farm subsidies in the OECD," Littleproud said. He added that the Australian government "categorically rejects any allegation that our wine producers are dumping product into China, and we continue to believe there is no basis or any evidence for these claims."
Bilateral relations between Canberra and Beijing soured earlier this year after Australia supported a growing call for an international inquiry into China's handling of the coronavirus pandemic.
China took a number of measures against Australian exporters, including anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on Australian barley, an import ban on several red meat abattoirs and reportedly giving state-owned utilities and steel mills verbal notice to stop importing Australian coal. Last month, two cotton industry groups in Australia said China has started discouraging its spinning mills from using cotton imported from Down Under.
Economists have said that any potential import restrictions from China on Australia's mining exports would have a bigger impact as it takes up a large share of the export basket. A majority of Chinese iron ore imports, which are necessary in steel manufacturing, are sourced from Australia, according to Oxford Economics. It added that given the difficulty in finding alternative sources in the short term, China has yet to impose strict regulations on Australia's iron ore exports.
The world's second-largest economy remains Australia's largest trading partner in goods and services and accounts for about 27.4% of Australia's trade with the world, according to government data.
Earlier this month, both China and Australia became signatories to the world's largest trading bloc — the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, or RCEP.