China Economy

Chinese city near Beijing stops people from leaving as coronavirus cases spike — like Wuhan did last year

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Key Points
  • The restrictions implemented in Hebei this week are some of the strictest since the spread of Covid-19 stalled within the country in March.
  • Hebei's capital city of Shijiazhuang has stopped passengers from going to its train station, suspended long-distance buses, and blocked major highways in the province, according to state media.
  • The increase in coronavirus cases in the latest Hebei outbreak indicates the virus has spread for a period of time, Feng Zijian, deputy head of China's disease control center, said in an interview with state media earlier in the week.
A medical worker wearing a protective suit collects a throat swab from a local resident for Covid-19 antigen rapid test at a temporary testing center on Jan. 6, 2021 in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province of China.
Visual China Group | Getty Images

BEIJING — Chinese authorities are starting to lock down parts of a province neighboring Beijing after a spike in coronavirus cases.

The restrictions implemented in Hebei this week are some of the strictest since the spread of Covid-19 stalled within the country in March, and come as new waves of the coronavirus hit the U.S. and Europe. China's initial tough response to the pandemic contributed to a 6.8% contraction in the economy in the first quarter.

Authorities said Thursday no cars or people can leave Shijiazhuang, the capital of Hebei province and located about a three-and-a-half hour drive southwest of Beijing. There was no official order for businesses to halt work.

It was not immediately clear to what extent local economic activity would be affected. Hebei province accounted for about 3.6% of China's GDP in 2019 and is not as important of an economic powerhouse as those in the southeastern, coastal parts of China.

Shijiazhuang reported 31 new confirmed coronavirus cases and 35 asymptomatic ones for Thursday. The increase brought the provincial total to 123 current confirmed cases and 181 asymptomatic cases.

Earlier, the city stopped passengers from going to its train station, suspended long-distance buses, closed schools and put tighter control on entering apartment compounds, while authorities have blocked major highways in the province, according to state media.

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Shijiazhuang is a city of about 11 million people and roughly 10 hours' drive north from Wuhan in Hubei province, where Covid-19 first emerged in late 2019.

As the virus' spread accelerated in January 2020, Wuhan cut itself off from the rest of the country within weeks, and began a lockdown that lasted for more than two months. The city accounts for the majority of China's coronavirus cases and deaths, which mostly occurred in the first half of last year.

However, the lockdown didn't stop Covid-19 from becoming a global pandemic within months, and the virus has since infected more than 88 million people worldwide and killed more than 1.89 million.

Hebei province began to disclose a few coronavirus cases over the weekend, with state media attributing some to wedding attendees.

The new cases come a few weeks after Beijing reported a handful of cases in close succession, prompting mass testing in certain districts of the nation's capital city.

Chinese authorities have touted their ability to control the virus ahead of the developed world, and blamed most of the cases since last spring on foreign sources. The country is the only major economy expected to have grown in 2020.

But late last year, officials began to express more concerns about the ongoing pandemic.

The increase in coronavirus cases in the latest Hebei outbreak indicates the virus has spread for a period of time, Feng Zijian, deputy head of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said in an interview with state media earlier in the week.

Researchers from the disease control center said genome sequencing showed the Hebei strains were different from that found in other parts of China and were unrelated to the strain in the U.K., but shared some similarities with versions found in Russia.

Hebei province's health commission sent 1,000 medical personnel on Wednesday to Shijiazhuang to help the city with health-care needs and mass testing. There were plans to dispatch 2,000 more medical workers on Thursday.

Chinese authorities are encouraging people to stay put in the cities where they work during the upcoming Lunar New Year vacation next month. Hundreds of millions of people traditionally return to their hometowns or travel during the extended holiday, which falls this year in mid-February.