Personal Finance

Powerball jackpot soars to $550 million. Here’s how much the winner would owe in taxes

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Key Points
  • The cash option — which most winners go with — for the next Powerball jackpot is $411.4 million.
  • A federal 24% tax withholding would be just the start of what the winner would pay to the IRS and, typically, state coffers.
  • The chance of hitting the Powerball jackpot with a single ticket is miniscule: 1 in 292 million. For Mega Millions, it's 1 in 302 million.
Justin Sullivan | Getty Images

The Powerball jackpot just jumped again.

With no ticket matching all six numbers drawn Saturday night, the top prize has vaulted to $550 million for Wednesday night's drawing. And Mega Millions' jackpot, meanwhile, is even higher: an estimated $600 million for Tuesday night's drawing.

Of course, the advertised amounts are not what winners would end up with. Lottery officials are required to withhold 24% of big wins for federal taxes. And that's only the start of what you would pay to Uncle Sam and, typically, state coffers.

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For Powerball's $550 million jackpot, the cash option — which most winners choose instead of an annuity — is $411.4 million. If there's a winner, the 24% federal withholding would shave $98.7 million off the top.

However, you could count on owing more to the IRS.

The top marginal income tax rate is 37%. If there were no reductions to the winner's taxable income — such as large charitable contributions — another 13%, or $53.5 million, would be due to the IRS at tax time (which would be April 2022 for jackpots claimed in 2021).

That would be $152.2 million, in all, going to the IRS. 

State taxes would be in addition. Depending on where you live, that hit could be more than 8%.

For the $600 million Mega Millions jackpot, the cash option is $442.4 million. The 24% withholding would mean about $106.2 million going to the IRS at first.

Another 13% would be $57.5 million, for a total of $163.7 million for the taxman.

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What to do when you win the lottery

Despite handing over a sizable amount to federal and state coffers, the after-tax amount would be life changing. Experts say jackpot winners should assemble a team of experienced professionals — including an attorney, a tax advisor and a financial advisor — to help navigate their sudden wealth.

Most players won't have to worry about it, however. The chance of hitting either jackpot with a single ticket is miniscule: 1 in 302 million for Mega Millions and 1 in 292 million for Powerball.