- ByteDance has acquired gaming studio Moonton highlighting its ambitions in the video game industry and pitting it against Chinese giant Tencent.
- The TikTok owner is looking to diversify beyond advertising and take a slice of the $86 billion mobile gaming market as well as expand its footprint internationally.
- Moonton is famous for "Mobile Legends" a so-called multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) game.
GUANGZHOU, China — ByteDance has acquired major mobile gaming studio Moonton, highlighting its ambitions in the video game industry and pitting it against Chinese giant Tencent.
Known as the owner of TikTok or Douyin in China, ByteDance is looking to diversify beyond advertising and take a slice of the $86 billion mobile gaming market as well as expand its footprint internationally.
ByteDance's gaming arm Nuverse, founded in 2019, was behind the acquisition.
"Moonton is the perfect partner to help expand our gaming strategy in international markets," ByteDance said in a statement.
Reuters reported that the deal valued Moonton at $4 billion, citing two unnamed sources. ByteDance declined to comment on the value of the deal.
"This is a mega deal in the global gaming industry, not only within China. So the M&A craze in the gaming sector continues, and I believe ByteDance is still on the lookout for other studios," Serkan Toto, CEO of consultancy Kantan Games, told CNBC.
"Be prepared for a long war between Tencent and ByteDance for acquiring game content."
Tencent is a world leader in mobile gaming and behind some of the top titles. It has managed to do this over the past few years via acquisitions and taking strategic stakes in smaller companies as well as developing its own titles. This has allowed Tencent to have an extensive portfolio of games that continue to rake in money for the company.
It has also allowed Tencent to expand internationally, a feat that ByteDance is also hoping to achieve.
Moonton is famous for "Mobile Legends" a so-called multiplayer online battle arena (MOBA) game where teams fight each other in large virtual arenas. Popular titles in this category include Tencent's "Honor of Kings" and "League of Legends" which was developed by Riot Games.
"Mobile Legends" is popular in southeast Asia. And ByteDance last year partnered with gaming firm Gravity to release "Ragnarok X: Next Generation" in the region.
"Bytedance is taking a global approach to its video game business from day one," gaming analyst firm Niko Partners wrote in a note to clients.
ByteDance operates short video app Douyin in China and TikTok in international markets. Last year, ByteDance said Douyin had 600 million daily active users and that TikTok had 700 million monthly active users.
The company could use the social media platform to promote games and attract users.
"With Bytedance at the helm, the two firms (Moonton and ByteDance) could leverage TikTok / Douyin to promote Mobile Legends in markets such as China and the US where Tencent's Honor of Kings and Riots' League of Legends: Wild Rift are the dominant mobile MOBA titles," Niko Partners said.
But ByteDance may not be able to rely on acquisitions alone to be successful in gaming.
"The biggest challenge for Bytedance will be to create a self-developed hit that it can operate over the long term. Hence why it is signing publishing deals to publish games based on popular IP and acquiring game development firms with a proven record of success," Niko Partners added.