Market Insider

July jobs report could be what gives the market its next big jolt in the week ahead

Key Points
  • More than a quarter of S&P 500 companies report in the week ahead, but the July jobs report on Friday will be what matters most to markets.
  • One strategist said the jobs number could be a "game changer" since a strong number could encourage the Federal Reserve to tighten policy, while a weak number could delay it from paring back bond purchases.
Traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, June 25, 2021.
Source: NYSE

Friday's jobs report could be a catalyst that helps determine whether markets are volatile or will trade like it's the quiet dog days of August.

More than a quarter of the S&P 500 report earnings in the coming week. The calendar includes companies in sectors such as consumer staples, insurance, pharma, travel and media. From Booking Holdings to ViacomCBS, Wayfair and Kellogg, investors will be watching to see what companies say about reopening activity, supply chain disruptions and rising costs.

"I think as much as 85% of the companies which are reporting earnings mentioned inflation on their earnings calls," Franklin Templeton Fixed Income chief investment officer Sonal Desai said. "Inflation may not be a problem to policymakers and financial markets, which seem not to be concerned at all. It does seem to bother the people who have to buy stuff or people who produce stuff."

The jobs factor

The Federal Reserve has said the sharp jump in inflation is just temporary, and many investors appear to be taking it in stride for now. The market is intensely focused on the central bank's other mandate: the labor market. Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said Wednesday he would like to see strong jobs reports before winding down the central bank's $120 billion a month bond-buying program.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics will release the July employment report on the morning of Friday, Aug. 6. It's expected to show 788,000 nonfarm payrolls, down from 850,000 in June, according to Dow Jones. The unemployment rate is expected to dip to 5.7% from 5.9%. Average hourly wages are expected to rise 3.9% year over year.

Ironsides Macroeconomics director of research Barry Knapp said he expects the next two monthly jobs reports will be strong, and the Fed should then be ready to announce in September that it is ready to start the slow unwind of its bond purchasing program.

That is an important step since it would be the first real move away from the central bank's easy policies that were put in place in the pandemic. It would also mean the Fed would be open to raising interest rates once the tapering is completed.

Game changer for markets

"Friday could be a game changer," Knapp said of the employment report. Before that, he expects stocks to trade in a narrow range.

If the number of jobs added in July is much higher than expected, at more than 1 million, Knapp said the market could immediately sell off on the idea the Fed would be ready to pare back its bond purchases.

If the number is weaker than expected, the market could rally. "We are in a dead period after earnings, with concerns about the pace of the reopening. It's still a bit of a question mark. The bias would be higher after a weak number. ... Bad is good. Good is bad," said Knapp.

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Like some other strategists, he expects to see a stock market correction, possibly later this summer.

"I'm in the camp where I think we're going to have our first major correction." Knapp said. "What we're likely to get is at least 10% or more. ... It could really happen when they [Fed officials] make the announcement in September."

Wilmington Trust chief economist Luke Tilley said he expects just 350,000 jobs, based on the high frequency data he watches.

"We think the run rate is about 500,000 jobs. Last month seems a little bit overcooked," he said.

Reflation trade

The S&P 500 was down 0.4% in the past week, finishing at 4,395, while the Nasdaq lost even more , down 1.1% at 14,672.

Cyclical stocks were among the best performers. Materials jumped 2.8% in the week, and energy shares were up 1.6%. Financials gained 0.7%. But tech fell 0.7%.

Knapp said it now makes sense to hold stocks that are in the reflation trade, such as energy, industrials or materials.

The surge in the delta variant of the coronavirus has become a worry among investors and has been a factor holding down interest rates. The 10-year yield, which moves opposite price, has held at low levels and was at 1.23% on Friday, amid concern that the delta variant of the coronavirus could slow growth.

Investors will be watching other important data in the coming week, including the Institute for Supply Management's manufacturing data Monday, and jobless claims and trade data Thursday.

The China trade

China was also a dominant market story in the past week and could continue to be. Hong Kong's Hang Seng Index fell 5% for the week. Chinese regulators continued their crackdown on internet companies, publicly traded education companies and other industries.

Strategists say Beijing is trying to reclaim its biggest companies as its own and turn them away from listings in foreign markets. Officials were particularly upset with Didi Global which reportedly went public even after being warned not to by Beijing.

Chinese regulators reportedly spoke with international banks after their actions sparked a wave of selling in internet stocks and the broader Chinese stock market. The regulators said companies could continue to go public in the U.S. if they met listing requirements.

"We will continue to see regulators try to calm the waters. I would say this was a communications misstep," said Franklin Templeton's Desai. "You don't have massive swings without having negative impact." She added it sent ripples through emerging markets.

"This is China trying to gain control, and they tried to do it in a very heavy way, and they were surprised at the backlash," Desai said.

The KraneShares CSI China Internet ETF has lost about half its value from its peak in February, and was down another 2.6% Friday.

Internet retailer Alibaba is one of the ETF's top holdings. The company is expected to announce earnings on Tuesday.

Week ahead calendar

Monday

Earnings: Take-Two Interactive, Mosaic, Vornado Realty, Eastman Chemical, Simon Property, Transocean, Pioneer Natural Resources, Reynolds Consumer Products, ON Semiconductor, NXP Semiconductor, AXA, Loews

9:45 a.m. Manufacturing PMI

10:00 a.m. ISM manufacturing

10:00 a.m. Construction spending

2:00 p.m. Senior loan officer survey

Tuesday

Earnings: Alibaba, Amgen, Eli Lilly, Clorox, KKR, Under Armour, Eaton, Discovery, Pitney Bowes, Marriott, ConocoPhillips, Activision Blizzard, Avis Budget, Public Storage, Devon Energy, Jacobs Engineering, Bausch Health, Incyte, Philips 66, Ralph Lauren, Expeditors International, Nikola, Warner Music

10:00 a.m. Factory orders

11:00 a.m. New York Fed release on household debt and credit

Wednesday

Earnings: Booking Holdings, CVS Health, GM, Etsy, MGM Resorts, Allstate, Uber, Fox Corp., Electronic Arts, Roku, Kraft Heinz, Toyota, Sony, AmerisourceBergen, Marathon Petroleum, BorgWarner, Entergy, Apollo Global Management, New York Times, Scotts Miracle-Gro, Tupperware, MetLife, IAC/Interactive

8:15 a.m. ADP employment

9:45 a.m. Services PMI

10:00 a.m. ISM services

Thursday

Vehicle sales

Earnings: Regeneron, ViacomCBS, Beyond Meat, DropBox, Expedia, Sprouts Farmers Market, TrueCar, Shake Shack, Square, TripAdvisor, Cushman and Wakefield, Kellogg, Cigna, Zillow, Lions Gate, Ambac, Virgin Galactic, Motorola Solutions, Zynga, Illumina, AIG, SeaWorld, Cardinal Health, Duke Energy, Thomson Reuters, Datadog, Eventbrite, NRG Energy, Choice Hotels, Parker-Hannifin, Wayfair, Zoetis

8:30 a.m. Initial jobless claims

8:30 a.m. International trade

Friday

Earnings: Liberty Broadband, Liberty Media, AMC Networks, Draftkings, Fluor, Gannett, Canopy Growth, Nuance Communiciations, Goodyear Tire

8:30 a.m. Employment report

10:00 a.m. Wholesale trade

3:00 p.m. Consumer credit

Update: This story has been updated to show there is no event with Boston Fed President Eric Rosengren Monday