Robinhood's revenue more than doubled in the second quarter to $565 million, bolstered by a massive surge in crypto trading, the stock trading app said in its first earnings report as a public company on Wednesday.
But the shares dove in after the company warned a slowdown in trading activity would hit revenues in the current quarter. Investors may also be concerned whether volatile crypto can continue to provide such a tailwind. Robinhood was last down more than 8%.
Revenue surged more than 131% in the period from $244 million a year ago and was near the high range of the company's forecast of $546 million to $574 million.
Revenue from crypto trading totaled $233 million, more than half of all the transaction-based revenue of $451 million for the second quarter. Cryptocurrency's share of revenue jumped to more than 51% from 17% in the first quarter.
More than 60% of cumulative net funded accounts traded crypto in the quarter. In the second quarter of 2020, crypto-based revenue was just $5 million.
Clients trading options contributed $165 million to transaction-based revenue last quarter, and equities were $52 million. Robinhood also earns revenue off of its gold subscription service.
Assets under custody ballooned 205% to $102 billion in the second quarter of 2021, compared with $33 billion in the second quarter last year.
Robinhood warned investors that its third-quarter results could be affected by a slowdown in trading after a record second quarter.
"For the three months ended September 30, 2021, we expect seasonal headwinds and lower trading activity across the industry to result in lower revenues and considerably fewer new funded accounts than in the prior quarter," the company said in the earnings release.
Robinhood shares jumped 6.7% to $49.80 on Wednesday into the results.
Robinhood reported a net loss of $502 million, or $2.16 per share. That's within the expected net loss of $487 million to $537 million forecast by the company. The brokerage turned a profit in the same quarter last year. Costs associated with the change in fair value of convertible notes and warrant liability totaled $528 million in the second quarter of 2021.
Total funded accounts (those tied to a bank account) totaled 22.5 million as of the second quarter, in line with Robinhood's forecast. This is up from 18 million in the first quarter, which was an increase of 151% from a year earlier.
Crypto trading, which Robinhood first introduced in 2018, has ballooned in the last few years. Robinhood offers seven different digital coins, including bitcoin, ethereum and litecoin. Dogecoin, meme-inspired token, accounted for 34% of its cryptocurrency transaction-based revenue in the first quarter.
Robinhood specifically called out dogecoin as driving crypto revenues and warned about a slowdown in trading activity in the digital asset.
"If demand for transactions in Dogecoin declines and is not replaced by new demand for other cryptocurrencies available for trading on our platform, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be adversely affected," Robinhood said in a 10Q released after the bell.
Robinhood makes money in crypto by routing orders to market makers that the company says offer "competitive pricing" and taking a percentage of the order value. The price of bitcoin hovered around $45,000 on Wednesday, up more than 50% on the year.
Robinhood went public on the Nasdaq last month, hitting the public markets it seeks to democratize for amateur investors. Since the debut, shares of Robinhood have had a wild ride. After sinking on the first few days of trading, the company had a meme stock moment when it rallied 50% amid retail investor interest.
Earlier this month, news that certain Robinhood shareholders will sell up to 97.9 million shares over time dented the stock. Robinhood said the SEC informed the brokerage on August 13 that they are reviewing the resale S-1 and that no sales can be made until the SEC staff completes their review and declares it effective.