U.S. weekly jobless claims total 207,000, higher than expected amid omicron spread

Key Points
  • Jobless claims totaled 207,000 for the week ended Jan. 1, higher than the 195,000 estimate and 7,000 more than the previous week.
  • Continuing claims also rose, climbing to 1.75 million as the omicron spread dented the labor market heading into the end of 2021.
  • Also, the U.S. trade imbalance rose less than expected in November though it came close to setting a record.
U.S. weekly jobless claims rise more than expected to 207,000
U.S. weekly jobless claims rise more than expected to 207,000

Initial claims for unemployment insurance rose a bit more than expected as the omicron variant spread rapidly through the U.S., the Labor Department reported Thursday.

Jobless claims totaled 207,000 for the week ended Jan. 1, higher than the 195,000 forecast and up 7,000 from the previous period.

Still, the latest data shows claims are well anchored around a level that is even lower than before the Covid-19 pandemic, when claims were averaging around 215,000. The four-week moving average, which accounts for weekly volatility in the numbers, nudged higher to 204,500 for the current period.

"Weekly unemployment claims only ticked up for the latest week, showing the surge in Omicron cases hasn't increased layoffs," said Robert Frick, corporate economist at Navy Federal Credit Union. "Given the surge is expected to drop significantly in the next month, and employers are clinging to the workers they have in the face of a record number of employees quitting, omicron may not affect layoffs at all."

Continuing claims which run a week behind the headline number, also rose, climbing to 1.75 million, for an increase of 36,000.

Weekly claims rose in New York (8,922), Pennsylvania (6,806) and Connecticut (5,992), according to unadjusted data.

In other economic news, the U.S. trade imbalance for goods and services jumped to $80.2 billion in November, an increase from October's $67.2 billion but below the Dow Jones estimate of $81.5 billion. The total brought the trade shortfall close to September's record $81.4 billion as the deficit increased with China, the European Union and Canada.

The jobs market, though, is the big focus this week as investors await the closely watched nonfarm payrolls report that the Labor Department will release Friday. Economists expect to see a gain of 422,000 for December, following November's disappointing 210,000.

Thursday's claims report won't figure into that tally, likely showing up more when January's numbers are compiled.

"The underlying trend in claims is downward but the speed of the drop in October and early November could not be sustained," wrote Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics. "The fundamentals haven't changed; the labor market remains extremely tight, and firms won't let staff go unless they have no other choice. It's possible that an extended Omicron wave would change that, but the initial impact likely is to make firms even more keen to keep people, as absenteeism due to Covid rockets."

The total of those receiving benefits across all programs fell by nearly 200,000 to 1.72 million, according to data through Dec. 18.

Though the unemployment rate has dropped to 4.2% from its pandemic-era high of 14.8%, the labor market still has a ways to go before it reaches pre-Covid levels.

Total employment remains about 3.6 million below where it was in February 2020, while the labor force participation rate is 1.5 percentage points lower at 61.8%. However, some Federal Reserve officials said at their December meeting that they see the economy close to full employment, according to meeting minutes released Wednesday.

Payrolls processing firm ADP reported Wednesday that December hiring at private companies totaled 807,000, more than double expectations.

On trade, supply-side shocks that rocked the economy in 2021 persisted into the end of the year, reflected in the strong demand for imported goods over services.

For November, imports rose $13.4 billion from October as the goods deficit increased $15.1 billion to $99 billion while the services surplus was up $2.1 billion to $18.8 billion.

On a year-to-date basis, the trade deficit surged 28.6% from the same period in 2020 as a 20.7% rise in imports outweighed an 18.2% increase in exports.

Correction: Ian Shepherdson is chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics. An earlier version misspelled his name.