5 Things to Know

5 things to know before the stock market opens Friday

A GE AC4400CW diesel-electric locomotive in Union Pacific livery is seen near Union Station in Los Angeles, California, September 15, 2022.
Bing Guan | Reuters

Here are the most important news items that investors need to start their trading day:

1. Senate clears rail deal

The Senate on Thursday passed legislation to enforce a railroad labor agreement, sending the bill to President Joe Biden for signing ahead of a strike deadline. The agreement grants rail workers pay raises, one-time payouts and one additional day of paid time off. But it won't guarantee workers paid sick leave — chief among the labor unions' concerns — after the Senate voted against a separate House-approved resolution to include seven days of paid sick time in the agreement. Biden had urged quick approval of the agreement in order to avoid the economic impacts of a rail workers' strike.

2. Jobs report out

A worker wraps a beef sandwich at a Portillo's restaurant in Chicago, Illinois, US, on Tuesday, Sept. 27, 2022.
Christopher Dilts | Bloomberg | Getty Images

The monthly jobs report on Friday morning showed a still-hot economy, shirking expectations for a slowdown. The U.S. added 263,000 jobs in November. Dow Jones estimates had forecast job gains of 200,000 jobs. The unemployment rate held steady at 3.7%. The report, which is closely watched each month, is in particular focus this time around as the Federal Reserve looks to ease up on inflation-fighting rate hikes.

3. Markets digest data

Traders on the floor of the NYSE, Dec. 1, 2022.
Source: NYSE

Stocks closed mostly lower Thursday on the back of mixed economic data: A report on core personal consumption expenditures came in slightly better than expected, but the ISM Manufacturing Index posted a bigger-than-expected decline. "Taken together, these two pieces of data may be suggestive of a soft landing for the US economy as long as growth does not slip much further," Goldman Sachs' Chris Hussey said in a note. The Dow lost nearly 195 points Thursday, and the S&P 500 fell 0.09%. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite gained slightly. Follow live market updates here.

4. SCOTUS takes on student debt

Student debt borrowers demand President Biden cancel student loan debt during a demonstration outside The White House.
Getty Images | Paul Morigi

The Supreme Court said it would hear arguments in a case against Biden's plan to forgive some student debt, reviving hopes for million of borrowers. A federal appeals court last month issued an injunction on the plan — which would erase up to $20,000 of student debt for many — in response to a challenge by six Republican-led states. Oral arguments are set for February, and the plan will remain on hold in the meantime.

5. Putin open to talks

Russia's President Vladimir Putin attends a meeting with mothers of Russian servicemen participating in Russia-Ukraine conflict, ahead of Mother's Day at the Novo-Ogaryovo state residence outside Moscow, Russia November 25, 2022. 
Alexander Shcherbak | Sputnik | Reuters

Russian President Vladimir Putin is open to holding talks on a possible resolution to the war in Ukraine, Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said. U.S. President Joe Biden said Thursday he would be ready to meet with Putin if Putin was prepared to end the war, but he didn't offer confidence that would happen soon. "I'm prepared to speak with Mr. Putin if in fact there is an interest in him deciding he's looking for a way to end the war. He hasn't done that yet," Biden said.

Correction: A photo used in this story has been corrected to remove inaccurate information from the caption.

— CNBC's Lori Ann LaRocco, Dan Mangan, Patti Domm, Emma Kinery and Tanaya Macheel contributed to this report.

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