- Judge Matthew Kacsmaryk on Thursday extended the deadline in the lawsuit until Feb. 24.
- The Alliance for Hippocratic Medicine, a coalition of physicians who oppose abortion, sued the FDA in November over its more than two-decade-old approval of mifepristone.
- The abortion rights group NARAL Pro-Choice America, in an analysis published Friday, said 40 million women would lose access to the abortion pill if the alliance succeeds.
A federal judge in Texas has extended until Feb. 24 the deadline in a lawsuit seeking to overturn the Food and Drug Administration's approval of the abortion pill.
Judge Matthew Kacsmaryk on Thursday ordered one of the companies that makes the pill, Danco Laboratories, to lay out its opposition to the attempt to pull the medication from the U.S. market. The anti-abortion physicians who originally filed the lawsuit then have until Feb. 24 to reply.
"Briefing will then be closed on the matter, absent any 'exceptional or extraordinary circumstance,'" Kacsmaryk wrote.
The Alliance for Hippocratic Medicine, a coalition of physicians who oppose abortion, sued the FDA in November over its more than two-decade-old approval of mifepristone.
Used in combination with misoprostol, mifepristone is the most common method to terminate a pregnancy in the U.S., accounting for about half of all abortions.
"Forcing FDA to withdraw a longstanding approval would seismically disrupt the agency's governing authority as to whether drugs are safe and effective, and would cause Danco direct and immediate harm by shuttering its business," the attorneys for the abortion pill maker Danco Laboratories told the court on Friday.
The abortion rights group NARAL Pro-Choice America, in an analysis published Friday, said 40 million women would lose access to the abortion pill if the Alliance for Hippocratic Medicine succeeds and mifepristone is effectively banned.
The alliance argued that the FDA abused its authority by approving mifepristone in 2000 through an accelerated process for new drugs that benefit patients with serious or life-threatening illnesses more than what is otherwise available on the market.
The FDA, in its response, called the lawsuit "extraordinary and unprecedented." The agency's lawyers said they could not find any previous example of a court second-guessing an FDA decision to approve a drug.
The agency also said mifepristone was not approved under an accelerated pathway. It took more than four years from the filing of the initial application until the pill was approved.
The FDA approved mifepristone as a safe and effective method to terminate an early pregnancy based on extensive scientific evidence, the agency's lawyers wrote. Decades of experience among thousands of women have confirmed that the drug regimen is safer than surgical abortion or childbirth, the lawyers argued.
The FDA warned that pulling mifepristone from the U.S. market would result in worse health outcomes for patients who rely on the pill to safely end pregnancies. It would also weaken the FDA's drug approval powers and hinder development by creating regulatory uncertainty in the marketplace.
"If longstanding FDA drug approvals were so easily enjoined, even decades after being issued, pharmaceutical companies would be unable to confidently rely on FDA approval decisions to develop the pharmaceutical-drug infrastructure that Americans depend on to treat a variety of health conditions," the Biden administration lawyers wrote.
Two separate lawsuits are also seeking to overturn state restrictions on mifepristone, arguing that they conflict with FDA regulations.
GenBioPro, another company that makes the pill, is suing to overturn West Virginia's ban on these grounds. A physician in North Carolina has also sued to toss out restrictions on mifepristone in that state.
Republican attorneys general in 20 states also recently warned CVS and Walgreens against mailing the abortion pill in their states, indicating that they would take legal action.
The FDA recently changed its regulations to allow retail pharmacies to dispense the prescription medication as long as they are certified.