KEY POINTS
  • The Gaza Strip, which some have called "the world's largest open-air prison," is a narrow piece of land between Israel and Egypt.
  • More than 2 million Palestinians live in the 140-square-mile enclave, making it one of the most densely populated places on earth.
  • In 1947, the newly formed U.N. issued its "Partition Plan for Palestine" which would divide the land — then called Palestine — into an Arab state and a Jewish state.
Palestinians searching for survivors after an Israeli airstrike on the refugee camp of Jabalia in the Gaza Strip on October 9, 2023.

The Gaza Strip has been the epicenter of heavy bombardment for more than a week after Israel launched retaliatory airstrikes for the unprecedented terror attack by Palestinian militant group Hamas on Oct. 7.

The enclave — a narrow strip of land between Israel and Egypt, next to the Mediterranean Sea — is home to roughly 2.3 million Palestinians and is described as one of the most densely populated places on Earth. The 140-square-mile region is roughly the size of Philadelphia.