• Both countries are the world's largest consumers of the dirtiest fossil fuel, and continued modernization puts their energy consumption on a rapid growth trajectory.
  • Global coal use in 2023 has hit a record high, surpassing 8.5 billion tons for the first time, on the back of strong demand in countries like India and China, said IEA.
Man tending to sacks of coals.

China and India's growing economies will continue to fuel demand for coal even as they set ambitious renewable energy targets, according to experts.

While China is the world's largest energy consumer, India is ranked third globally, and both countries are the top consumers of coal as they strive to fuel economic growth.