KEY POINTS
  • China and Russia are considered less of a threat to Western populations now than a year ago, according to a new study which points to rising concern around non-traditional risks.
  • Mass migration due to war or climate change and the rise of radical Islam now rank among the top perceived risks among G7 countries.
  • The majority of respondents in Western countries also said they see China and the Global South becoming more powerful over the coming decade, while Western powers are more likely to stagnate or decline.
Supporters of the Fridays for Future climate action movement, including one holding a sign showing Russian President Vladimir Putin, in Berlin, Germany.

China and Russia are considered less of a threat to Western populations now than a year ago, as public concern pivots to non-traditional risks such as mass migration and radical Islam, new research said.

Public perception of traditional hard security risks remains higher now than three years ago but has fallen since 2022, the year Russia invaded Ukraine, survey results from the Munich Security Index 2024 showed.