"There's a good chance the fourth quarter of this year will be the highest earnings period ever in the history of the American banking industry," he said. "And when you take a look at the $38 billion relative to the $25 billion earned in the fourth quarter last year, it'll be a 50 percent increase."
He's predicting that investors will flock back to the stocks next year as banks start returning more capital to shareholders. "Because the industry is massively overcapitalized and has an enormous amount of excess liquidity, the dividends will go up the stock buyback programs will increase," he said.
He expects Bank of America, for instance, to pay out 30 percent of earnings in dividends over the next couple of years. Other banks will also get to a payout ratio of around 30 or 35 percent, he said.
So far, the market hasn't recognized the "superb" outlook for the industry, Bove said.
(Read More: Boldest Predictions 2013.)
While Bove is not covering individual names after having left Rochdale Securities last week, he said the banks with brokerage operations are in the sweet spot.
"Broadly speaking, if you think about the fact that there's been this huge increase in money supply over the last couple of years by virtually every major central bank in the world and that the brokerage-oriented banking companies — Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Bank of America, Citigroup and JPMorgan — have not benefited yet by the huge increase in supply," he said. "You have to assume that that money will get converted into securities, that trading activity will pick up dramatically, that investment banking opportunities right now are probably greater than they've been in decades."