India Permits State-Run Oil Firms to Raise Diesel Prices

Oil derrick with sunset
Harold Sund | Image Bank | Getty Images

State-run Indian oil marketing companies can now raise diesel prices in line with increases in global crude oil prices, Oil Minister Veerappa Moily said on Thursday, a move that could help the government reduce its vast subsidy bill.

"Oil marketing companies have been allowed to raise diesel prices in small quantities over a period of time," senior oil ministry official G. C. Chaturvedi said. He did not give details about the time-frame.

India's policy to subsidize retail prices of fuels such as diesel, which accounts for about 40 percent of refined fuel consumption, is a major drain on the budget.

(Read More: Indians Join the Debate Over Taxing the Rich)

Ratings agencies threatened last year to strip India of its investment-grade credit rating if the government did not take steps to rein-in a widening fiscal deficit. Finance Minister P. Chidambaram has repeatedly vowed that the deficit will not exceed 5.3 percent of GDP this financial year.

India imports more than 80 percent of its fuel needs. The government liberalized petrol prices in June 2010, but has often prevented them from being raised to reflect rising oil prices on global markets.

(Read More: 'Fountain' of US Supply Could Curb Oil Gains)

Fuel consumption in India rose 5 percent in the last fiscal year, its fastest since 2007/08.

Shares in oil marketing companies rose while bond yields fell after Moily's announcement.

Hindustan Petroleum shares surged 5.2 percent while Oil and Natural Gas gained 4.3 percent.

The 10-year yield fell as much 3 basis points to 7.85 percent.

The rupee rose to 54.47/4950 to the dollar from around 54.63/64 previously.

(Read More: India Inflation Turns a Corner, Rupee to Benefit)