Car sales extended their declines in France, Spain and Italy last month, data showed on Friday, leaving little hope of a European auto market rebound anytime soon.
Volkswagen and U.S. carmakers led a 15 percent drop in French registrations to their lowest January level since 1997. Italian sales dropped 17.6 percent, while Spain was limited to a single-digit contraction due to renewed subsidies.
"The French passenger car market started 2013 on as weak a note as it exited 2012," analyst David Arnold at Credit Suisse said in a note.
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Falling sales across Europe suggest manufacturers will have to cut vehicle output by a further 7 percent this year, Arnold predicted, adding to excess capacity that is already inflicting deep losses on volume brands.
European auto sales last year fell the most in two decades to hit a 17-year low, as austerity-squeezed household budgets and rising unemployment discouraged big purchases.
Cautious hopes for a broader euro-zone economic recovery have yet to filter through to the car market.
Renault and Japanese affiliate Nissan are not counting on a European recovery in the next three to four years, Carlos Ghosn, chief executive of both companies, said this week.
In Germany, where growth turned negative last May, car sales figures to be released on Monday are expected to show a further monthly decline.
Renault's domestic registrations fell 7.4 percent, holding up better than the market thanks to a 9.9 percent gain for its low-cost Dacia brand, as scarce buyers gravitated to "crisis cars" such as the no-frills Sandero compact and Duster SUV.
Struggling French rival PSA Peugeot Citroen, which is cutting 8,000 French jobs to restore profitability in 2015, saw sales plunge a further 16.7 percent at home.
Without the benefit of recent updates to the Renault Clio and Peugeot 208 small car - Europe's December bestseller in the category - the numbers would have been even grimmer.
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"Demand is still very weak for small and medium-sized cars and minivans," said Francois Roudier of the CCFA industry association.
The Volkswagen group recorded a 23.9 percent drop in French car sales, a decline accentuated by its strong sales performance at the start of 2012.
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The Americans also fared poorly in France, with combined registrations by General Motors' Chevrolet and Opel/Vauxhall brands dropping 21.2 percent.
In all three markets, Ford sales fell by one-third or more, while South Korea's Hyundai and affiliate Kia bucked the slump with sizeable gains on the back of a series of competitive new models.
VW, Peugeot and Toyota lost ground in Italy, where incumbent Fiat's resisted January's market contraction with a more modest 9.3 percent decline.
In recession-hit Spain, where unemployment stands at 26 percent, monthly registrations fell 9.6 percent despite support from sales subsidies of 2,000 euros ($2,700) per car reintroduced in October by the government and industry.
Peugeot's Spanish tally shrank by more than one-third in January, while the core VW brand fell one-fifth.
But a sales surge by Fiat's retro-styled 500 model delivered a 14.7 percent gain for the Italian brand in Spain. Renault Clio sales also doubled with the model update, helping the French nameplate to a 5 percent increase overall.