As violence linked to the crisis in neighboring Syria increasingly slips over the border, the Lebanese have come up with a novel way of coping: advance-warning apps.
Smartphone applications that map gun battles and differentiate between fireworks and gunfire, offer paths around roadblocks and even contact the army in the event of kidnap are becoming a must-have for Lebanese commuters.
"In other places in the world, the only thing that might obstruct your path is traffic," said Mohammad Taha, an entrepreneur behind one of the products. "In Lebanon there are many things that can happen."
Since the Syria crisis erupted more than two years ago, its volatile neighbor has seen a rapid increase in gunfights, kidnappings and, in recent weeks, car bombs. The specter of US strikes on Syria has left the country more than usually on edge with fears that the Lebanese group Hizbollah, which backs the Syrian regime, might launch a retaliatory attack against Israel.
For most Lebanese, who lived through a devastating civil war between 1975 and 1990, the crescendo of security incidents is something to navigate rather than flee.
"We've had a lot of practice: the civil war was not just a couple of years," said art teacher Joumana Bou Khaled.