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Bonds Fall as Durables Orders Ease Recession Fears

U.S. Treasury debt prices fell Wednesday after a key barometer of business investment posted a surprisingly sharp gain last month, dimming fears the U.S. is in a dire recession.

Benchmark yields climbed to their highest since the start of the year after data showing new orders for long-lasting manufactured goods fell a smaller-than-expected 0.5 percent in April. Non-defense capital orders excluding aircraft rose by 4.2 percent, marking the biggest increase since December 2007.

Analysts said that while the U.S. housing market continues to struggle, the stronger-than-expected durable goods orders was evidence that the U.S. may not be mired in a deep recession.

"You strip out defense and aircraft and you had a 4.2 percent pop. It really becomes hard to suggest that we have got a full-fledged recession here," said T.J. Marta, fixed income strategist at RBC Capital Markets in New York.

Any signs of better news for the economy is bad news for bonds, and benchmark 10-year Treasury notes were trading 14/32 lower in price for a yield of 3.98 percent from 3.92 percent late Tuesday. Ten-year yields rose to as high as 3.99 percent, marking the highest since Jan. 2.

The 2-year Treasury note was trading 3/32 lower in price for a yield of 2.57 percent from 2.52 percent.

While the durable goods orders were the immediate catalyst for the bond market sell-off Wednesday, concerns that high food and energy costs will feed inflation also weighed on government debt prices.

"The durables number was better than expected-- that, combined with the ongoing inflation concerns is seeing the 10-year note test its key 4 percent area," said Josh Stiles, bond strategist with IDEAglobal in New York.

Inflation erodes a bond's value over time, and analysts expect price pressure will force the Federal Reserve to reverse its monetary loosening campaign and to raise interest rates before the end of the year.

Investors are now looking for further market direction based on the reception of an auction of $30 billion of 2-year Treasury notes Wednesday afternoon.

Five-year Treasury notes were trading 9/32 lower in price for a yield of 3.29 percent from 3.23 percent late Tuesday, while the 30-year bond was 24/32 lower for a yield of 4.69 percent from 4.64 percent.