Simply, the national budget cannot afford the additional programs and benefits Leader Pelosi and President Obama have created, and they won’t even entertain a discussion of those facts.
Over on the Republican side, the Tea Party, lead by House Majority Leader Cantor, refuses to understand that the 2010 election victory gave Republicans control of one-half of one of the two political branches of government. Control of one-quarter of law-making gives Republicans a veto over changes in national policy—including raising the deficit ceiling—but it does not put them in a position to impose systemic change.
Speaker Boehner, perhaps the only adult playing the game, has come up with a modest plan to keep the country from diving into the abyss on August 2, while cooler heads might prevail this fall; but Republican conservatives and President Obama are refusing to even discuss it.
Both the President and the Tea Party, protestations to the contrary notwithstanding, demonstrate by their deeds they are willing to risk a default on U.S. debt to get their way.
Treasury Secretary Geithner is running around telling everyone the United States will be out of money and default on August 2 when it will still have lots of cash and only will default if he and the President so decide.
The federal government still will collect taxes and other fees exceeding $180 billion per month; and interest payments on the national debt eat up less than $30 billion. If the Treasury prioritizes expenditures—as did the state of Minnesota during its partial shutdown—it could pay interest on bonds, roll over bonds coming due, and pay Social Security recipients and many other obligations.
Standard and Poor’s may downgrade the United States—but the fact is it is threatening to do that next year no matter what deal is reached now to raise the debt ceiling. Even though the ability to print dollars means the United States will never truly be compelled to default, it applies the same analysis to big countries printing international reserve currencies as it does small ones without reserve currencies.
For example, bond rating agencies ludicrously downgraded Japan because of its large debt, when the Japanese owe the money to themselves. The Japanese save too much, the government sells them bonds and spends the money for them. They don’t have the big external debt like the United States, the Bank of Japan controls a reserve currency, and Japan is a net creditor country.
The markets simply did not validate the downgrade. The Japanese are not paying higher interest rates for their debt, as prophesized will now happen to the United States.
Simply, there are no good substitutes available to global capital markets in sufficient quantities for the dollar and dollar denominated sovereign debt. After the melodrama of Friday through Sunday, Asian markets were supposed to crash Monday morning but didn’t.
In the short term, though, panic may ensue on August 2, because Treasury Secretary Geithner has not presented a backup plan; but if the interest is paid on U.S. bonds, after a time, the markets should adjust to the fact that the United States is in a political crisis, which eventually will resolve, and is not fundamentally insolvent—or even near so—in the manner of Greece or developing countries that occasionally get into similar messes.
Peter Morici is a professor at the Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, and former Chief Economist at the U.S. International Trade Commission.