In my years as a regulator in California, the No. 1 thing that industry told me they wanted was certainty. Part of that demand included avoiding a patchwork of regulations, when a federal solution would be easier and cheaper to comply with. By pushing Congress to emasculate the USEPA, they will get the exact opposite of what they claim to prefer.
When the federal government abrogates its duties under the Clean Air Act or Clean Water Act, does that mean that impacted communities just go along with it? For more than a decade, the feds ignored the global consensus that we all need to address carbon pollution, so California passed its own landmark Global Warming Solutions Act in 2006 and has been regulating ever since.
Seven other states passed similar laws; ten started their own cap-and-trade system; and fourteen states copied California’s tailpipe emissions standards, ultimately forcing the feds to act (which led to the grudging agreement reached this past week between car makers and the Obama administration on fuel economy and emissions limits).
In another more recent example, USEPA has tried to examine the impacts of hydraulic fracturing of natural gas formations, called “fracking.” The oil and gasindustry has lobbied Congress to keep federal regulators on the sidelines on the issue, so at least a dozen communities have passed or are considering everything from laws that force drillers to reveal the composition of chemicals injected in the process (Texas) to outright bans of the procedure (the City of Buffalo and at least eleven other municipalities in New York). That sure looks like a patchwork of regulations to me.
Why are communities so intent on doing what the feds won’t — or can’t, because Congress won’t let them?
As the "Los Angeles Times" recently reported, 1 million adults and 300,000 children suffer from asthma in Los Angeles alone and according to a 2007 study by the Cal State Fullerton, "41 people die every year in the south coast area and the San Joaquin Valley because of air pollution...more than double the motor vehicle-related deaths…[and] that failure to meet clean air standards for ozone and particulates results in a cost of $1,250 per person per year in health costs in the Los Angeles region, or a total of $22 billion dollars in annual costs.”
In other words, it’s public health, but there’s another compelling reason for communities to take matters into their own hands — to paraphrase a famous observation from an earlier political era — it’s the economy, stupid.