The IRS expects even the smallest of businesses to document deductible expenses and support all items reported on tax returns.
Also, bankers monitor the progress of their business customers using financial information. If you cannot supply timely and accurate financial statements and other required information to your banker, it will hurt your ability to get loans when your business is at the stage where it could otherwise qualify.
The first step in establishing a record keeping system is setting up a separate checking account for the business. The deposits into this account should include any initial investment you make to start your business, the proceeds from any startup loans or investments, and all revenue from customers.
This checking account should be used to pay all expenses for the business, but not any personal expenses. As an owner you can draw money from this account, which can be deposited into a personal checking account to pay personal bills and living expenses.
Carefully document every expense paid from the business account. If paid by check, make careful notation of the check number, date of the check and purpose of the expense for each purchase. If paying with business debit or credit cards, keep detailed notes on each expense. Writing this on the back of each receipt is a good habit.
Set up a filing system, which can be either hard paper copies or scanned records, to track all documentation on receipts and expenses. Think ahead when setting up the filing system so it can accommodate the business as it grows. Use separate files for each vendor and customer and organize these files by type of expense or receipt.
Accounting software, such as QuickBooks, can help organize financial information. But remember that no system runs itself. Any system for record keeping relies on proper and timely input of information from you.
One lesson that many entrepreneurs learn the hard way is that you should not delegate financial record keeping to employees too quickly. Sadly, fraud is common in small startup businesses, and it often leads to the failure of an otherwise healthy business. Keep a close eye on financial records and put in systems of checks and balances. For example, never let the same person who handles revenues from customers also pay the bills, as this makes stealing money easier to cover up.
Record keeping may seem mundane compared with the other aspects of starting a business, but it is a critical step to ensure a healthy business. Record keeping systems should be simple to use. The job of the entrepreneur is to use this system to keep accurate, timely, consistent and compete records of all activity in the business.