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Should I close my credit card if I have a high interest rate?
Using a credit card with a high interest rate can become costly if you don't pay off your balance. Here's when you should and shouldn't close it.
If you have a credit card with a high interest rate, or APR, you may be wondering if it's worth holding onto.
And you have a valid point. Interest rate fees can add up quickly on credit cards and make them harder to pay off. Take the below as an example:
If you only make the $35 minimum payment each month on a 22.74% APR credit card with a $1,000 balance, it will take you over three years (about 42 months) to pay off your balance — costing you an additional $453 in interest charges.
But before you close a credit card just because it has a high interest rate, there are a few things to consider. Below, Select has some recommendations depending on your situation.
Situation 1: You have a high interest credit card but always pay the balance off on time and in full
If this is you, keep up the good work — and no, there's no pressing need to close your card. You only pay interest on a credit card when you carry a balance, so you don't need to worry about your interest rate (no matter how high) if you feel absolutely comfortable paying your balance in full and on time each billing cycle.
"If you pay your balance in full every month, then the interest rate on the credit card is irrelevant to your situation," Roger Ma, a certified financial planner at lifelaidout® and author of "Work Your Money, Not Your Life," tells Select. "And if the card is a great fit otherwise, then certainly hold on to it."
This is particularly true if that high-interest card comes with great rewards. Both the Alliant Cashback Visa® Signature Credit Card and the Capital One SavorOne Cash Rewards Credit Card ranked on Select's list of the best cash-back credit cards. Your credit score can determine what APR you would have but it's worth noting that credit cards with an overall higher interest rate range may have a few extra premium rewards.
The Capital One SavorOne Cash Rewards Credit Card has a well-rounded cash-back program offering 3% cash back on dining, entertainment, popular streaming services and at grocery stores (excluding superstores like Walmart® and Target®) and 1% on all other purchases. It also offers a one-time $200 cash bonus with a low spending requirement of $1,000 in your first three months from account opening.
In addition to these rewards and bonuses, the Capital One SavorOne Cash Rewards Credit Card comes with opportunities to access VIP tickets, five-star meals and other fun experiences, whereas the Alliant Cashback Visa Signature is much more straightforward.
The Alliant Cashback Visa Signature is an easy-to-use rewards card, offering 2.5% cash back on your first $10,000 of qualifying eligible purchases (1.5% for purchases over $10,000). The cash back is quite generous, but this card doesn't have all the other bells and whistles that come with the Capital One SavorOne Cash Rewards Credit Card.
Situation 2: You have a high interest credit card and sometimes (but not always) pay the balance off on time and in full
You may not always be able to pay off your balance on time or in full, especially during a time like the coronavirus pandemic. But there are some steps you can take to avoid racking up debt on your high-interest credit card without having to close it.
First, call your credit card issuer and see how they can help you.
"If you don't pay off your full balance each month and have a high interest rate on your card, it may first make sense to try to negotiate with the card issuer for a lower interest rate," Ma says.
Certainly now, credit card issuers are more flexible when it comes to offering relief to their cardholders. They also may be willing to downgrade your current card to a lower interest card or one with no interest at all. This way, you don't have to technically "close" your high-interest card, which can lower your overall credit limit and increase your credit utilization rate. A decrease in your credit utilization rate will bring down your credit score.
Situation 3: You have a high interest credit card and are always carrying a balance month to month
If you're in this situation, know that you aren't alone. On average, Americans carry $6,194 in credit card debt. But it's certainly costly — and a reason to maybe close your high-interest credit card, says Ma.
If you carry a balance on a credit card charging you high interest, consider transferring that debt to a balance transfer credit card which gives you time to pay down your principal without accruing interest. To qualify for the longer interest-free periods, you will most likely need to have good or excellent credit (scores 670 and above), but there are options available for fair credit as well.
Whether you then close your high-interest credit card after you make the transfer will depend on just how much you are allowed to transfer. Your credit score will also determine the amount of debt you can transfer (either a percentage of your total credit limit or a set dollar amount).
If you can't transfer the whole amount of your balance, you will need to keep what's left over on your high-interest card. In that case, you'll want to pay off the debt on your high-interest card before paying off the balance on your balance transfer card since the latter isn't charging you interest for a period of time.
The Citi Simplicity® Card ranked on Select's best balance transfer credit cards because of its long balance transfer period. The card offers one of the longest stretches of interest-free time to pay off your debt with a 0% intro APR for 21 months on balance transfers from date of first transfer (after, 18.99% - 29.74% variable APR; balance transfers must be completed within four months of account opening). There is an introductory balance transfer fee of 3% or $5, whichever is greater for transfers completed within the first 4 months of account opening. After that, your fee will be 5% of each transfer (minimum $5).
Be aware that most balance transfer cards usually require a 2% to 5% fee (or a $5 minimum) for each transfer, but there are some balance transfer cards with no fee.
The one big rule with balance transfer credit cards is that you'll want to commit to paying off your balance before the introductory 0% APR period ends, so you don't end up accruing interest on that new balance.
If you can afford to pay your credit card balance on your high-interest credit card in full by its due date, you absolutely should to maintain a good credit score. Paying interest (especially at a high rate) would otherwise be a waste of money.
For those carrying a balance on a high-interest card month to month, you don't have to struggle with debt forever. Talk to your credit card issuer and ask them to lower your rate. If that doesn't work ask to downgrade to a lower interest rate card. If your credit has improved since you first received the card, mention that to your issuer.
Information about the Alliant Cashback Visa® Signature Credit Card and Citi Simplicity® Card has been collected independently by Select and has not been reviewed or provided by the issuer of the card prior to publication.